Headlines
Without Good Governance, Development in Africa is dead on arrival: AU High Representative
Mar 23, 2023 119
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) The African Union High Representative for Silencing the Guns campaign, Mohamed Ibn Chambas has emphasized the vital role of good governance in achieving sustainable development and transformation across Africa. Speaking at the 2023 Adebayo Adedeji Lecture on the theme of “Governance, Social Contract, and Economic Development in Africa: Looking Back, Projecting into the future” during the ECA Conference of Ministers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Chambas stated that without good governance, development in Africa is dead on arrival.” The representative highlighted the significance of transparent, accountable, and responsive governments in Africa that play a crucial role in unlocking the continent’s potential for investment and sustainable growth. He emphasized the importance of social contracts between governments and citizens, which is vital for fostering trust and promoting social cohesion. According to him, collaboration between governments, civil society organizations and the private sector is also crucial to achieving the common goal of good governance. “Governance is central to the development and transformation of the continent,” Chambas told participants, adding that, “To fix the continent, we must first and foremost, fix the governance challenges.” He stressed that African leaders must build transparent and accountable governments and drive sustainable economic growth and development. “Africa has been found wanting in terms of promoting good governance, Chambas noted, citing a wave of coups d’état against the independence era political leaders and increased unconstitutional changes in government across Africa. A united Africa is our best chance to weather the storms and create a prosperous Africa for the future, he said, calling for the facilitation of the free movement of persons, goods and services in accompanying the pan-African initiative of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). “Effective governance and a strong social contract are critical to the successful implementation of the AfCFTA,” he said. According to Chambas by creating an enabling business environment and social inclusion governments can facilitate trade, promote economic development and social stability in Africa. The ECA launched the Adebayo Adedeji Lecture in March 2014 to honour and recognize the late Adebayo Adedeji for his intellectual and policy contributions to African development. Adedeji served as Executive Secretary of ECA from 1975 to 1991 and contributed to development thinking, policy and practice in Africa.  
Egypt’s Statement Violates Declaration of Principles, Undermines Trust: Nile Waters Researcher
Mar 23, 2023 183
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) The statement by the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) violates the Declaration of Principles (DoPs) on GERD and undermines the trust of the basin countries, Nile Waters Researcher Professor Yacob Arsano said. Recall that Ethiopia rejected the irresponsible statement attributed to the Foreign Minister of Egypt threatening Ethiopia with "all options are open" declaration with regard to the GERD. Ethiopia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that such a threat constitutes a flagrant breach of the United Nations Charter and the African Union Constitutive Act. Addis Ababa University Political Science and International Relations Professor and Nile Waters Researcher, Yacob Arsano told ENA that the statement is aimed at soliciting support from the Arab League. According to him, the statement is inappropriate and tarnishes the good neighborliness that existed between the basin countries. It also obstructs the ongoing discussion that should be continued among the basin countries with friendship and trust, the professor said. Moreover, it violates the 2015 agreement reached by Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan with regard to the filling and operation of the dam. “As the dam is owned by Ethiopia, it is the responsibility of Ethiopia to carry out the filling and operation of the dam as stipulated in the agreement,” the researcher stressed. He mentioned that Ethiopia had carried out the three rounds of filling with the utmost responsibility and without causing harms on others. Noting that Egypt has been repeatedly issuing statements that violate the agreements reached on several occasions, Professor Yacob said the response made by the Government of Ethiopia to the recent provocative statement is wise. He finally stressed the need for intensifying the nationwide support being provided by the public for the construction of GERD as the dam is key for the overall economic development of the nation.
Consultations on Ethiopia's Demobilization, Reintegration Programme Held with Dev't Partners
Mar 23, 2023 136
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) National Demobilization and Reintegration Programme (NDRP) for ex- combatants that is being developed by the National Rehabilitation Commission (NRC) was discussed with development partners today in Addis Ababa. This meeting follows a first national consultation on demobilization and reintegration which was held in Mekelle on the 10th of March 2023; similar consultations will also be held in Bahir Dar, Semera and other cities in Ethiopia. Speakers at the event included Ambassador Teshome Toga, Commissioner of the NRC; State Minister of Finance Semereta Sewasew; UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Dr. Catherine Sozi, and UNDP Resident Representative, Turhan Saleh. Participants included Ambassadors, Heads of Development Cooperation and other senior staff from development partners. Government Representatives from concerned federal institutions also participated in the consultative meeting. The NRC was established by the Government in November 2022 for a period of two years to assist with demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants across the country. The draft National Demobilization and Reintegration Programme (NDRP) prepared by the Commission follows the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) in November 2022. This National Programme will support demobilization and reintegration of up to 250,000 ex- combatants in Ethiopia, and will be implemented in parts of the country making an important program that is integral to national efforts to consolidate peace and promote stability in the country, according to a joint press release. The national recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction program resource mobilization and implementation will take place in a coordinated manner with the view of promoting sustainable peace and development, and ensuring the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants remain to be integral part of this process. The support to the DDR process by partners is anticipated to play a significant role in the stabilization and peace building efforts, and in creating an environment in which a peace process, political and social reconciliation, access to livelihoods as well as sustainable development can take root, the press release said. Based on the request of the Government, the United Nations (UN) is providing technical and financial assistance to the NRC through the operational coordination of UNDP.
Featured
Without Good Governance, Development in Africa is dead on arrival: AU High Representative
Mar 23, 2023 119
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) The African Union High Representative for Silencing the Guns campaign, Mohamed Ibn Chambas has emphasized the vital role of good governance in achieving sustainable development and transformation across Africa. Speaking at the 2023 Adebayo Adedeji Lecture on the theme of “Governance, Social Contract, and Economic Development in Africa: Looking Back, Projecting into the future” during the ECA Conference of Ministers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Chambas stated that without good governance, development in Africa is dead on arrival.” The representative highlighted the significance of transparent, accountable, and responsive governments in Africa that play a crucial role in unlocking the continent’s potential for investment and sustainable growth. He emphasized the importance of social contracts between governments and citizens, which is vital for fostering trust and promoting social cohesion. According to him, collaboration between governments, civil society organizations and the private sector is also crucial to achieving the common goal of good governance. “Governance is central to the development and transformation of the continent,” Chambas told participants, adding that, “To fix the continent, we must first and foremost, fix the governance challenges.” He stressed that African leaders must build transparent and accountable governments and drive sustainable economic growth and development. “Africa has been found wanting in terms of promoting good governance, Chambas noted, citing a wave of coups d’état against the independence era political leaders and increased unconstitutional changes in government across Africa. A united Africa is our best chance to weather the storms and create a prosperous Africa for the future, he said, calling for the facilitation of the free movement of persons, goods and services in accompanying the pan-African initiative of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). “Effective governance and a strong social contract are critical to the successful implementation of the AfCFTA,” he said. According to Chambas by creating an enabling business environment and social inclusion governments can facilitate trade, promote economic development and social stability in Africa. The ECA launched the Adebayo Adedeji Lecture in March 2014 to honour and recognize the late Adebayo Adedeji for his intellectual and policy contributions to African development. Adedeji served as Executive Secretary of ECA from 1975 to 1991 and contributed to development thinking, policy and practice in Africa.  
Egypt’s Statement Violates Declaration of Principles, Undermines Trust: Nile Waters Researcher
Mar 23, 2023 183
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) The statement by the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) violates the Declaration of Principles (DoPs) on GERD and undermines the trust of the basin countries, Nile Waters Researcher Professor Yacob Arsano said. Recall that Ethiopia rejected the irresponsible statement attributed to the Foreign Minister of Egypt threatening Ethiopia with "all options are open" declaration with regard to the GERD. Ethiopia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that such a threat constitutes a flagrant breach of the United Nations Charter and the African Union Constitutive Act. Addis Ababa University Political Science and International Relations Professor and Nile Waters Researcher, Yacob Arsano told ENA that the statement is aimed at soliciting support from the Arab League. According to him, the statement is inappropriate and tarnishes the good neighborliness that existed between the basin countries. It also obstructs the ongoing discussion that should be continued among the basin countries with friendship and trust, the professor said. Moreover, it violates the 2015 agreement reached by Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan with regard to the filling and operation of the dam. “As the dam is owned by Ethiopia, it is the responsibility of Ethiopia to carry out the filling and operation of the dam as stipulated in the agreement,” the researcher stressed. He mentioned that Ethiopia had carried out the three rounds of filling with the utmost responsibility and without causing harms on others. Noting that Egypt has been repeatedly issuing statements that violate the agreements reached on several occasions, Professor Yacob said the response made by the Government of Ethiopia to the recent provocative statement is wise. He finally stressed the need for intensifying the nationwide support being provided by the public for the construction of GERD as the dam is key for the overall economic development of the nation.
Consultations on Ethiopia's Demobilization, Reintegration Programme Held with Dev't Partners
Mar 23, 2023 136
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) National Demobilization and Reintegration Programme (NDRP) for ex- combatants that is being developed by the National Rehabilitation Commission (NRC) was discussed with development partners today in Addis Ababa. This meeting follows a first national consultation on demobilization and reintegration which was held in Mekelle on the 10th of March 2023; similar consultations will also be held in Bahir Dar, Semera and other cities in Ethiopia. Speakers at the event included Ambassador Teshome Toga, Commissioner of the NRC; State Minister of Finance Semereta Sewasew; UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Dr. Catherine Sozi, and UNDP Resident Representative, Turhan Saleh. Participants included Ambassadors, Heads of Development Cooperation and other senior staff from development partners. Government Representatives from concerned federal institutions also participated in the consultative meeting. The NRC was established by the Government in November 2022 for a period of two years to assist with demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants across the country. The draft National Demobilization and Reintegration Programme (NDRP) prepared by the Commission follows the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) in November 2022. This National Programme will support demobilization and reintegration of up to 250,000 ex- combatants in Ethiopia, and will be implemented in parts of the country making an important program that is integral to national efforts to consolidate peace and promote stability in the country, according to a joint press release. The national recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction program resource mobilization and implementation will take place in a coordinated manner with the view of promoting sustainable peace and development, and ensuring the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants remain to be integral part of this process. The support to the DDR process by partners is anticipated to play a significant role in the stabilization and peace building efforts, and in creating an environment in which a peace process, political and social reconciliation, access to livelihoods as well as sustainable development can take root, the press release said. Based on the request of the Government, the United Nations (UN) is providing technical and financial assistance to the NRC through the operational coordination of UNDP.
Advertisement
ENA
Feb 7, 2023 447
ENA
Politics
Without Good Governance, Development in Africa is dead on arrival: AU High Representative
Mar 23, 2023 119
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) The African Union High Representative for Silencing the Guns campaign, Mohamed Ibn Chambas has emphasized the vital role of good governance in achieving sustainable development and transformation across Africa. Speaking at the 2023 Adebayo Adedeji Lecture on the theme of “Governance, Social Contract, and Economic Development in Africa: Looking Back, Projecting into the future” during the ECA Conference of Ministers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Chambas stated that without good governance, development in Africa is dead on arrival.” The representative highlighted the significance of transparent, accountable, and responsive governments in Africa that play a crucial role in unlocking the continent’s potential for investment and sustainable growth. He emphasized the importance of social contracts between governments and citizens, which is vital for fostering trust and promoting social cohesion. According to him, collaboration between governments, civil society organizations and the private sector is also crucial to achieving the common goal of good governance. “Governance is central to the development and transformation of the continent,” Chambas told participants, adding that, “To fix the continent, we must first and foremost, fix the governance challenges.” He stressed that African leaders must build transparent and accountable governments and drive sustainable economic growth and development. “Africa has been found wanting in terms of promoting good governance, Chambas noted, citing a wave of coups d’état against the independence era political leaders and increased unconstitutional changes in government across Africa. A united Africa is our best chance to weather the storms and create a prosperous Africa for the future, he said, calling for the facilitation of the free movement of persons, goods and services in accompanying the pan-African initiative of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). “Effective governance and a strong social contract are critical to the successful implementation of the AfCFTA,” he said. According to Chambas by creating an enabling business environment and social inclusion governments can facilitate trade, promote economic development and social stability in Africa. The ECA launched the Adebayo Adedeji Lecture in March 2014 to honour and recognize the late Adebayo Adedeji for his intellectual and policy contributions to African development. Adedeji served as Executive Secretary of ECA from 1975 to 1991 and contributed to development thinking, policy and practice in Africa.  
Egypt’s Statement Violates Declaration of Principles, Undermines Trust: Nile Waters Researcher
Mar 23, 2023 183
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) The statement by the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) violates the Declaration of Principles (DoPs) on GERD and undermines the trust of the basin countries, Nile Waters Researcher Professor Yacob Arsano said. Recall that Ethiopia rejected the irresponsible statement attributed to the Foreign Minister of Egypt threatening Ethiopia with "all options are open" declaration with regard to the GERD. Ethiopia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that such a threat constitutes a flagrant breach of the United Nations Charter and the African Union Constitutive Act. Addis Ababa University Political Science and International Relations Professor and Nile Waters Researcher, Yacob Arsano told ENA that the statement is aimed at soliciting support from the Arab League. According to him, the statement is inappropriate and tarnishes the good neighborliness that existed between the basin countries. It also obstructs the ongoing discussion that should be continued among the basin countries with friendship and trust, the professor said. Moreover, it violates the 2015 agreement reached by Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan with regard to the filling and operation of the dam. “As the dam is owned by Ethiopia, it is the responsibility of Ethiopia to carry out the filling and operation of the dam as stipulated in the agreement,” the researcher stressed. He mentioned that Ethiopia had carried out the three rounds of filling with the utmost responsibility and without causing harms on others. Noting that Egypt has been repeatedly issuing statements that violate the agreements reached on several occasions, Professor Yacob said the response made by the Government of Ethiopia to the recent provocative statement is wise. He finally stressed the need for intensifying the nationwide support being provided by the public for the construction of GERD as the dam is key for the overall economic development of the nation.
Consultations on Ethiopia's Demobilization, Reintegration Programme Held with Dev't Partners
Mar 23, 2023 136
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) National Demobilization and Reintegration Programme (NDRP) for ex- combatants that is being developed by the National Rehabilitation Commission (NRC) was discussed with development partners today in Addis Ababa. This meeting follows a first national consultation on demobilization and reintegration which was held in Mekelle on the 10th of March 2023; similar consultations will also be held in Bahir Dar, Semera and other cities in Ethiopia. Speakers at the event included Ambassador Teshome Toga, Commissioner of the NRC; State Minister of Finance Semereta Sewasew; UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Dr. Catherine Sozi, and UNDP Resident Representative, Turhan Saleh. Participants included Ambassadors, Heads of Development Cooperation and other senior staff from development partners. Government Representatives from concerned federal institutions also participated in the consultative meeting. The NRC was established by the Government in November 2022 for a period of two years to assist with demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants across the country. The draft National Demobilization and Reintegration Programme (NDRP) prepared by the Commission follows the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) in November 2022. This National Programme will support demobilization and reintegration of up to 250,000 ex- combatants in Ethiopia, and will be implemented in parts of the country making an important program that is integral to national efforts to consolidate peace and promote stability in the country, according to a joint press release. The national recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction program resource mobilization and implementation will take place in a coordinated manner with the view of promoting sustainable peace and development, and ensuring the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants remain to be integral part of this process. The support to the DDR process by partners is anticipated to play a significant role in the stabilization and peace building efforts, and in creating an environment in which a peace process, political and social reconciliation, access to livelihoods as well as sustainable development can take root, the press release said. Based on the request of the Government, the United Nations (UN) is providing technical and financial assistance to the NRC through the operational coordination of UNDP.
New Dam Will Contribute to Dev't of Entire Region, Says Sudanese Finance Minister
Mar 23, 2023 177
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 /ENA/ Sudanese Finance Minister Gibril Ibrahim said the power to be generated from the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) will not only be enough for the neighboring countries but also contribute to the development of the whole region. In an exclusive interview with the Ethiopian News Agency (ENA), the minister noted that one cannot have economic development without power and “we think the new dam (Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam) is going to help us have enough and cheap energy from Ethiopia.” Sudan is in need of energy and “we think the new dam is going to help us have enough and cheap energy from Ethiopia.” On the other hand, the food production from Sudan’s vast arable land can help Ethiopia’s needs, he said, and emphasized that the countries “need to work together on agriculture to make sure that all of our people are getting enough food.” According to the minister, the dam is going to contribute not only to the neighboring countries but also to the development of the whole region. “Whatever you think of, you are going to look for power to work and the cheapest power is either solar energy or wind energy or hydro energy. Here now we are having hydro-energy and we are going to make maximum use of it. Still the dam has not reached its maximum and we do think that the power will be enough for Sudan, Ethiopia, and for others as well.” Africans need to come together in order to tackle the difficulties that the continent is facing, Ibrahim pointed out, adding that the brotherly people of Ethiopia and Sudan accordingly need to work together for the prosperity of both nations. The borders between Ethiopia and Sudan are artificial as both people are the same with a lot in common, he said. The minister stressed that Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt need to think positively and understand each other to find solutions for outstanding concerns and problems. “I don't think they are very big problems, and the benefits can be much bigger than anything else.” Energy is among the most important infrastructure that will help develop trade between countries, he also observed. Sudan has more than 750 kilometers coast on the Red Sea and “we do think Ethiopia can make use of the Red Sea and have free zone at our ports. That will help Ethiopia and Sudan to develop.” Ibrahim elaborated that the two countries “need to cooperate and build the needed infrastructures that connect our people. Roads, railways, and of course, airlines are working well but we do think we need railways and roads to make sure that our people are connected.” These are neighboring countries, brotherly people that need to work together for the prosperity of both nations, he underlined. We need roads, ports, airports and others, the minister finally stated, noting that “but we definitely need energy to make life viable and to make trade flourish in the region.”
Removal of TPLF from Terror List Will Speed Up Implementation of Peace Agreement, Says Chief Gov't Whip
Mar 22, 2023 202
Addis Ababa March 22/2023 /ENA/ The removal of Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) from the terror list will help speed up the implementation of the peace agreement reached between the federal government and the group, Chief Government Whip Tesfaye Beljige said today. The Ethiopian House of People's Representatives de-listed TPLF from the terror list with a majority vote, 61 against and 5 abstentions this morning.   The position reached by the government to remove the designation of TPLF from terror list was presented to members of the House by Chief Government Whip Tesfaye Beljige. According to him, the Pretoria peace agreement is about making lasting peace in the country and the Ethiopian people have come out of the atmosphere of war. Moreover, the peace agreement has begun to bear fruit in many ways, including the significant role it has played in improving Ethiopia's image and diplomatic efforts at the international level, Tesfaye stated. The Chief Whip stressed that it is therefore crucial to remove TPLF from the terror list in order to fully implement the peace agreement. This decision will not only help to bring lasting peace in the country and resolve differences in a civilized manner, but will also help to support the efforts of the National Dialogue Commission, he noted. Following the presentation, members of the House raised various questions and concerns in removing TPLF from the terror list. Responding to the queries, Redwan Hussein, National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister, said it is necessary to remove the designation of TPLF from terrorist because it is part of the peace agreement.   He added that as Tigray Region is part of our country, the people of Tigray should have seats in the House and decide equally on the affairs of their country so that citizens can get the services they deserve. Justice Minister Gedion Timothewos said on his part that removing TPLF from the terror list is important for the full implementation of the peace agreement that can be achieved.   There is still work to be done to create a viable environment and fully implement the peace agreement, he stated, adding that it is therefore necessary to remove the TPLF from the terror list. Noting that various activities have been intensified to restore services in the region, the minister said, pointing out that a lot of work is needed to fully restore services in the region, provide budget and get students back to school. Gedion added that issues of legal responsibility will be seen in the process of transitional justice that has started.      
Politics
Without Good Governance, Development in Africa is dead on arrival: AU High Representative
Mar 23, 2023 119
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) The African Union High Representative for Silencing the Guns campaign, Mohamed Ibn Chambas has emphasized the vital role of good governance in achieving sustainable development and transformation across Africa. Speaking at the 2023 Adebayo Adedeji Lecture on the theme of “Governance, Social Contract, and Economic Development in Africa: Looking Back, Projecting into the future” during the ECA Conference of Ministers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Chambas stated that without good governance, development in Africa is dead on arrival.” The representative highlighted the significance of transparent, accountable, and responsive governments in Africa that play a crucial role in unlocking the continent’s potential for investment and sustainable growth. He emphasized the importance of social contracts between governments and citizens, which is vital for fostering trust and promoting social cohesion. According to him, collaboration between governments, civil society organizations and the private sector is also crucial to achieving the common goal of good governance. “Governance is central to the development and transformation of the continent,” Chambas told participants, adding that, “To fix the continent, we must first and foremost, fix the governance challenges.” He stressed that African leaders must build transparent and accountable governments and drive sustainable economic growth and development. “Africa has been found wanting in terms of promoting good governance, Chambas noted, citing a wave of coups d’état against the independence era political leaders and increased unconstitutional changes in government across Africa. A united Africa is our best chance to weather the storms and create a prosperous Africa for the future, he said, calling for the facilitation of the free movement of persons, goods and services in accompanying the pan-African initiative of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). “Effective governance and a strong social contract are critical to the successful implementation of the AfCFTA,” he said. According to Chambas by creating an enabling business environment and social inclusion governments can facilitate trade, promote economic development and social stability in Africa. The ECA launched the Adebayo Adedeji Lecture in March 2014 to honour and recognize the late Adebayo Adedeji for his intellectual and policy contributions to African development. Adedeji served as Executive Secretary of ECA from 1975 to 1991 and contributed to development thinking, policy and practice in Africa.  
Egypt’s Statement Violates Declaration of Principles, Undermines Trust: Nile Waters Researcher
Mar 23, 2023 183
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) The statement by the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) violates the Declaration of Principles (DoPs) on GERD and undermines the trust of the basin countries, Nile Waters Researcher Professor Yacob Arsano said. Recall that Ethiopia rejected the irresponsible statement attributed to the Foreign Minister of Egypt threatening Ethiopia with "all options are open" declaration with regard to the GERD. Ethiopia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that such a threat constitutes a flagrant breach of the United Nations Charter and the African Union Constitutive Act. Addis Ababa University Political Science and International Relations Professor and Nile Waters Researcher, Yacob Arsano told ENA that the statement is aimed at soliciting support from the Arab League. According to him, the statement is inappropriate and tarnishes the good neighborliness that existed between the basin countries. It also obstructs the ongoing discussion that should be continued among the basin countries with friendship and trust, the professor said. Moreover, it violates the 2015 agreement reached by Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan with regard to the filling and operation of the dam. “As the dam is owned by Ethiopia, it is the responsibility of Ethiopia to carry out the filling and operation of the dam as stipulated in the agreement,” the researcher stressed. He mentioned that Ethiopia had carried out the three rounds of filling with the utmost responsibility and without causing harms on others. Noting that Egypt has been repeatedly issuing statements that violate the agreements reached on several occasions, Professor Yacob said the response made by the Government of Ethiopia to the recent provocative statement is wise. He finally stressed the need for intensifying the nationwide support being provided by the public for the construction of GERD as the dam is key for the overall economic development of the nation.
Consultations on Ethiopia's Demobilization, Reintegration Programme Held with Dev't Partners
Mar 23, 2023 136
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 (ENA) National Demobilization and Reintegration Programme (NDRP) for ex- combatants that is being developed by the National Rehabilitation Commission (NRC) was discussed with development partners today in Addis Ababa. This meeting follows a first national consultation on demobilization and reintegration which was held in Mekelle on the 10th of March 2023; similar consultations will also be held in Bahir Dar, Semera and other cities in Ethiopia. Speakers at the event included Ambassador Teshome Toga, Commissioner of the NRC; State Minister of Finance Semereta Sewasew; UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Dr. Catherine Sozi, and UNDP Resident Representative, Turhan Saleh. Participants included Ambassadors, Heads of Development Cooperation and other senior staff from development partners. Government Representatives from concerned federal institutions also participated in the consultative meeting. The NRC was established by the Government in November 2022 for a period of two years to assist with demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants across the country. The draft National Demobilization and Reintegration Programme (NDRP) prepared by the Commission follows the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) in November 2022. This National Programme will support demobilization and reintegration of up to 250,000 ex- combatants in Ethiopia, and will be implemented in parts of the country making an important program that is integral to national efforts to consolidate peace and promote stability in the country, according to a joint press release. The national recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction program resource mobilization and implementation will take place in a coordinated manner with the view of promoting sustainable peace and development, and ensuring the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants remain to be integral part of this process. The support to the DDR process by partners is anticipated to play a significant role in the stabilization and peace building efforts, and in creating an environment in which a peace process, political and social reconciliation, access to livelihoods as well as sustainable development can take root, the press release said. Based on the request of the Government, the United Nations (UN) is providing technical and financial assistance to the NRC through the operational coordination of UNDP.
New Dam Will Contribute to Dev't of Entire Region, Says Sudanese Finance Minister
Mar 23, 2023 177
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 /ENA/ Sudanese Finance Minister Gibril Ibrahim said the power to be generated from the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) will not only be enough for the neighboring countries but also contribute to the development of the whole region. In an exclusive interview with the Ethiopian News Agency (ENA), the minister noted that one cannot have economic development without power and “we think the new dam (Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam) is going to help us have enough and cheap energy from Ethiopia.” Sudan is in need of energy and “we think the new dam is going to help us have enough and cheap energy from Ethiopia.” On the other hand, the food production from Sudan’s vast arable land can help Ethiopia’s needs, he said, and emphasized that the countries “need to work together on agriculture to make sure that all of our people are getting enough food.” According to the minister, the dam is going to contribute not only to the neighboring countries but also to the development of the whole region. “Whatever you think of, you are going to look for power to work and the cheapest power is either solar energy or wind energy or hydro energy. Here now we are having hydro-energy and we are going to make maximum use of it. Still the dam has not reached its maximum and we do think that the power will be enough for Sudan, Ethiopia, and for others as well.” Africans need to come together in order to tackle the difficulties that the continent is facing, Ibrahim pointed out, adding that the brotherly people of Ethiopia and Sudan accordingly need to work together for the prosperity of both nations. The borders between Ethiopia and Sudan are artificial as both people are the same with a lot in common, he said. The minister stressed that Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt need to think positively and understand each other to find solutions for outstanding concerns and problems. “I don't think they are very big problems, and the benefits can be much bigger than anything else.” Energy is among the most important infrastructure that will help develop trade between countries, he also observed. Sudan has more than 750 kilometers coast on the Red Sea and “we do think Ethiopia can make use of the Red Sea and have free zone at our ports. That will help Ethiopia and Sudan to develop.” Ibrahim elaborated that the two countries “need to cooperate and build the needed infrastructures that connect our people. Roads, railways, and of course, airlines are working well but we do think we need railways and roads to make sure that our people are connected.” These are neighboring countries, brotherly people that need to work together for the prosperity of both nations, he underlined. We need roads, ports, airports and others, the minister finally stated, noting that “but we definitely need energy to make life viable and to make trade flourish in the region.”
Removal of TPLF from Terror List Will Speed Up Implementation of Peace Agreement, Says Chief Gov't Whip
Mar 22, 2023 202
Addis Ababa March 22/2023 /ENA/ The removal of Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) from the terror list will help speed up the implementation of the peace agreement reached between the federal government and the group, Chief Government Whip Tesfaye Beljige said today. The Ethiopian House of People's Representatives de-listed TPLF from the terror list with a majority vote, 61 against and 5 abstentions this morning.   The position reached by the government to remove the designation of TPLF from terror list was presented to members of the House by Chief Government Whip Tesfaye Beljige. According to him, the Pretoria peace agreement is about making lasting peace in the country and the Ethiopian people have come out of the atmosphere of war. Moreover, the peace agreement has begun to bear fruit in many ways, including the significant role it has played in improving Ethiopia's image and diplomatic efforts at the international level, Tesfaye stated. The Chief Whip stressed that it is therefore crucial to remove TPLF from the terror list in order to fully implement the peace agreement. This decision will not only help to bring lasting peace in the country and resolve differences in a civilized manner, but will also help to support the efforts of the National Dialogue Commission, he noted. Following the presentation, members of the House raised various questions and concerns in removing TPLF from the terror list. Responding to the queries, Redwan Hussein, National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister, said it is necessary to remove the designation of TPLF from terrorist because it is part of the peace agreement.   He added that as Tigray Region is part of our country, the people of Tigray should have seats in the House and decide equally on the affairs of their country so that citizens can get the services they deserve. Justice Minister Gedion Timothewos said on his part that removing TPLF from the terror list is important for the full implementation of the peace agreement that can be achieved.   There is still work to be done to create a viable environment and fully implement the peace agreement, he stated, adding that it is therefore necessary to remove the TPLF from the terror list. Noting that various activities have been intensified to restore services in the region, the minister said, pointing out that a lot of work is needed to fully restore services in the region, provide budget and get students back to school. Gedion added that issues of legal responsibility will be seen in the process of transitional justice that has started.      
Social
Al Basar International Foundation Providing Free Eye Treatment Service at Alert Hospital
Mar 18, 2023 157
Addis Ababa March 18/2023 /ENA/ Al Basar International Foundation launched a volunteer service program to provide free eye check-up and cataract surgery at Alert Hospital. Some 10, 000 residents are expected to benefit from physical examination of eye treatment and about 400 cases to be operated for cataract starting from March 17, 2023. Manager of Medical Team of Al Basar International Foundation, Farhruddin Dakhan said the objective of the volunteer to Ethiopia is to provide free eye services to the people suffering of eye blindness. He added that in the future the organization plans to go out through Ethiopia and look forward to have permanent base in Addis Ababa for sustainable and quality eye care service. Speaking at the occasion, senior advisor to the Ministry of Health Dr. Daniel Gebremichael on his part said we have been working with Al Basir Foundation for more than two decades and more than half million people benefited because of this foundation. More than 50 thousand cataract surgeries have been carried out on our patients for free, enabling more than 50 thousand Ethiopians to have recovered from their sight problems.. He explained that this is very important humanitarian activities, in this round, more than 30 thousand patients will be benefited from this mission. Last week, they were in Jimma and Worabe Hospital where more than 20 thousand patients received medical treatment especially with eye drops., he said. “In Ethiopia we have around 1.5 million people with low vision; most of them are because of cataract and trachoma. And cataract is actually the leading cause of blindness in Ethiopia and elsewhere in developing countries which can be prevented with simple surgical service,” he said. According to the advisor, given the number of cataract centers we have and the number of ophthalmology in the country, we have huge backlogs, where we need support from partners like Al Baser and others to support the people in need of recovery from sight problems. As we have only five tertiary centers for eye surgery, we need support to build hospital in Addis and elsewhere. Head of the Department of ophthalmology of Alert Hospital, Dr. Solomon Bussa on his part said it is for the third time that this organization is coming and doing cataract surgery and management of ophthalmologic disease.
FAO Provides Support to 4m People in East Africa
Mar 18, 2023 235
Addis Ababa March 18/2023 /ENA/ The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has reached out to 4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in east Africa but the gap remains huge, FAO Representative to Eastern Africa and AU Chimimba David Phiri said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Phiri said that the Horn of Africa has been affected by five serious droughts over the past few years which is the worst in forty years. FAO appealed for resources with a view to saving lives as well as saving livelihoods of the affected communities, he stated, and added “we have also requested funding for making sure that there is development and resilience, so that the communities do not fall into a situation where they need assistance at any point in time.” “So this is a sign that the program is huge because we expect that as many as 26 million people need support but FAO has reached out to 4 million. Of course other agencies have reached out to others but the gap between what we have now and where we need to be is very big,” the East Africa Representative noted. To date we have spent 120 million USD and reached nearly 4 million people with the support that we provided, Phiri added. He stressed “we are afraid that if not all support is provided to the people in particular the affected people of Ethiopia, Kenya, parts of Uganda, Djibouti, and Somalia, we could run into a serious famine by the end of this year.” FAO is providing feed, water and livestock vaccination against pests as well as enhancing capacity of the community to produce their own feed under serious drought conditions, it was indicated. The crisis in the Horn of Africa is not just drought but also coupled with Russia-Ukraine war, climate, conflicts and the biggest desert locust invasion in history of Africa, he pointed out. “So the vulnerability is already very bad and when you add the drought, it worsens that situation. So I think the international community needs to really build the resilience of the communities by providing the resources that they need, so that they can stand on their own. FAO does not itself as an organization provide food, we do provide feed to animals, but also provide livelihood’s support to them through animal or crop production and through providing them implements for sustainable agriculture, and also build capacities to make sure that they practice climate smart agriculture,” Phiri elaborated. He called on partners to scale up their commitment in providing the resources that are required to save lives and livelihoods in eastern Africa as the demand is a lot more than what is on the ground.  
WFP Calls on Donors to Step-up Support for Somaliland Refugees in Ethiopia
Mar 16, 2023 758
Addis Ababa March 16/2023 (ENA) The World Food Program (WFP) has urged donors to step up the level of support for some 100,000 Somaliland refugees who have fled to Ethiopia recently. Recall that about 100,000 Somaliland refugees, most of them women, pregnant and lactating mothers, unaccompanied children, elderly persons with serious medical conditions and disabilities, arrived at Doolo Zone of Somali Region, Ethiopia. In an exclusive interview with ENA, WFP Representative and Country Director Claude Jibidar said it is a sad situation to witness those Somaliland citizens forced to flee their homes due to conflict. Citing the gravity of the problem, he stated that WFP has “already provided some distributions. Distribution of food has been started and delivered for those people.” Partners too have been supplying water, shelter, and everybody is mobilized to respond, the country director said, adding that it seems like this is a situation that will not change overnight. Therefore “we need to step up the level of support so that we can sustain those people until they can go back home,” Jibidar said. “My appeal is to all the supporters. I know the government through Ethiopia’s Refugees and Returnees Service is doing a lot to support and we will also do our best. I am also appealing to donors to look at this situation so that we can help those people while they are here.” The WFP representative also expressed readiness to help the refugees when they go back and can resettle in their own home. The Ethiopian host communities have generously welcomed the refugees, sharing them the little they have in one of the areas hardest hit by drought affecting the Horn of Africa. The Refugees and Returnees Service and the UNHCR have together affirmed last week that many of the families have settled within the communities in common buildings or in open areas.   “The Government of Ethiopia, having maintained its longstanding generosity to asylum seekers, is receiving the needy by keeping the humanitarian and civilian nature of the overall response,” Refugees and Returnees Service (RRS) Director-General Tesfahun Gobezay said. According to him, “RRS and the UNHCR are coordinating with federal and regional government bodies, UN agencies and other partners to respond to the needs of the newly arrived asylum-seekers.” UNHCR Country Representative Mamadou Dian Balde noted that Ethiopians have “once again shown tremendous generosity by keeping their doors open for their Somali brothers and sisters in need of protection.”      
WHO Office Coordinator Says Gov't of Ethiopia Very Supportive with Dev't Partners Providing Health Services
Mar 16, 2023 208
Addis Ababa March 16/2023 /ENA/ The Government of Ethiopia is very supportive with development partners in providing health services to those in need, in addition to strengthening the humanitarian aid, the WHO Shire Sub Office (in Tigray Region) Coordinator Boniface Ambani told ENA. “I should say the government is very, very supportive, because it is through the government that we have been able to get the donation because there's been high level advocacy by the government and also by the humanitarian agencies.” He further stated that the signing agreement is contributing a lot in boosting support to people in need. “We have already started even before. But, of course, this is a very big boost. I believe that after the signing of the peace agreement and the support that is coming in we are able to access as many health facilities as possible; and we are able to support the health delivery of health care services. We are also able to distribute all supplies to all the health facilities that are required to provide services,” Ambani said. According to him, the organization is partnering with all its development partners to ensure that we get adequate supply. He reaffirmed that with support from donors and development partners, WHO will continue to collaborate with the government in providing essential health care services for people in need of these services. The coordinator reaffirmed that WHO, with support from donors and development partners, will continue to collaborate with the government in providing essential health care services for people in need of these services. WHO has reportedly extended 70 metric tons of emergency medicine and other medical supplies targeted to reach about 1.2 million people to the Northern Ethiopia Emergency Response over the past two weeks.
Economy
Ethiopian Delegation Visit to China will Further Advance Bilateral Ties: Amb Zhiyuan
Mar 23, 2023 145
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 /ENA/ The recent visit of the Ethiopian delegation led by Finance Minister Ahmed Shide will further advance bilateral economic and trade relations between China and Ethiopia, China’s Ambassador to Ethiopia Zhao Zhiyuan said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Ambassador Zhiyuan said that the 10th Session of Economic, Scientific, Technical Cooperation and Trade Joint Commission was held with the Ministry of Commerce. This is the first meeting of this kind between China and an African country in 2023, he stated, adding it “fully reflects the good wishes of the two governments to deepen cooperation and common development.” The visit to China and the convening of the joint commission have injected new impetus to the relationship between the two countries, contributing to the building of China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era, the Ambassador explained. Ambassador Zhiyuan noted “China and Ethiopia had discussions on expanding cooperation in sectors such as trade, investment, development assistance, infrastructure construction, and debt treatment, and reached a series of consensus. The two sides signed a memorandum of understanding on the establishment of an investment and economic cooperation working group, which is of great significance for strengthening the construction of bilateral economic cooperation mechanisms and increasing policy support for economic and trade cooperation.” Furthermore, the two sides conducted in-depth discussions on boosting Chinese investment in Ethiopia’s vast market and huge development potential. Investment in key areas has always been an important part of the economic and trade cooperation between the two countries, he pointed out, adding “China will continue to encourage and support domestic enterprises to participate in investment in Ethiopia’s agriculture, tourism, medicine, energy, mining, telecommunications and other fields.” According to the Ambassador, the trade volume between China and Ethiopia has continued to increase in recent years and the channels for Ethiopia to export coffee and other specialty products to China have been continuously smoothed. China wants Ethiopian companies to continue to actively participate in exhibition platforms such as the China International Import Expo, the Import and Export Fair, and the China-Africa Economic and Trade Expo, he stated, and underscored “to make full use of the tariff-free treatment for 98 percent of products exported to China.” Zhiyuan reiterated that China will work with Ethiopia to continuously optimize the trade structure between the two countries, and to develop measures to further facilitate the export of Ethiopian products to China. The ambassador has appreciated the peace agreement reached by relevant parties under the auspices of the African Union. “We hope that the peace agreement will be implemented smoothly and Ethiopia will restore prosperity and stability as soon as possible, and at the same time focus on economic and social construction.” Ethiopia is the “anchor of stability” in the Horn of Africa, the ambassador said pointing out that Chine believes peace and stability in Ethiopia is also of great significance to the long-term stability of the region. He also expressed China’s willingness to actively participate in Ethiopia’s post-war reconstruction and provide support in the fields of humanitarian aid, health and education. At the same time, when the time is mature, we will actively promote investment and trade to help Ethiopia realize rapid economic and social development, and improve the living standards of the Ethiopian people. “At present, I am closely following the situation in the north to make preparations for China’s participation in the reconstruction progress.” To maintain the peace and security in the Horn of Africa as a whole, China is ready to conduct cooperation to actively implement the Outlook on Peace and Development in the Horn of Africa on the basis of the its Global Security Initiative (GSI).
Gov’t Committed to Support, Encourage Textile Investment
Mar 23, 2023 99
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 /ENA/ The government is committed to support and encourage textile investment activities in Ethiopia, State Minister of Finance Semereta Sewasew said. This was disclosed during a discussion she held with the CEO and Managing Director of Kanoria Africa Textiles PLC, Ashish Agarawal. During the occasion, the State Minister reaffirmed commitment of the government support and encourage investment activities in Ethiopia in particular such companies that are engaged in exports and employ youth and women. The both sides agreed to jointly work to attract more investment to Ethiopia and to work for more access to various markets. Kanoria Africa Textiles PLC was established in 2012 and the building work started by mid of 2013. It was officially inaugurated in October 2015 and started its commercial operation in April 2016. The company was established with an investment of 52 million USD with the lion share of funding from the Export-import Bank of India and investors. It is located at Keta Industrial zone around Bishoftu South Exit on Addis Ababa - Adama Express way. The company is employing around 1200 employees providing free food and transport. The major raw material of the company is Cotton which involves thousands of farmers across the country (Gambella, Afar, Metema, Gondar, Arbaminch, and Humera & Dansa), and some raw materials like dyestuff, chemicals, and stretch yarn are imported. Kanoria Africa Textiles is exporting Denim fabric to various countries across the globe and to many local garment manufacturing companies across the country which involves thousands of workforces. The company is an anchor industry by creating the highest possible value chain from cotton farm to the garment retails and plays a vital role in the country's socio-economic development.
WB Reiterates Commitment to Work with Gov’t, IMF to Support Economic Stabilization Effort in Ethiopia
Mar 23, 2023 160
Addis Ababa March 23/2023 /ENA/ The World Bank reiterated that it will work closely with the Government and IMF to support the economic stabilization effort of in Ethiopia. The World Bank Vice President for Eastern and Southern Africa, Victoria Kwakwa, is in Ethiopia for an official working visit. The Vice President started her two-day visit by paying a courtesy call to Finance Minister, Ahmed Shide on Wednesday.   During the occasion, the two officials discussed various issues of mutual interest, including development priorities and on how to strengthen the Bank's partnership with Ethiopia. The Minister thanked Kwakwa for the World Bank's continued support to Ethiopia, especially in delivering much-needed financing in addressing the impacts of overlapping shocks over the last three years. He also highlighted some of the government's priorities in recovery and rebuilding, and developmental efforts in the areas of human capital, food security, infrastructure connectivity, economic stability and creating jobs for the youth. The minister also reaffirmed the Government of Ethiopia’s commitment in deepening the Home-Grown Economic Reform Agenda in rebalancing the role of state to give much space to the private sector for job creation and sustainable growth. Kwakwa commended Ethiopia’s resilience in dealing with multiple shocks and the government’s commitment to economic reform to promote a private sector-led development.   She also reiterated the World Bank's commitment to assist Ethiopia in policy areas to improve on ease of doing business and productivity in Ethiopia. The Vice President reiterated that the Bank will work closely with the Government and IMF to support the economic stabilization effort of the Government. This is Kwakwa's first official visit to Ethiopia since she assumed her position in July 2022. Kwakwa's visit underscores the World Bank’s strong commitment to Ethiopia as a long-standing development partner. During her visit, the Vice President, will also meet with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, the Governor of the National Bank of Ethiopia, members of the private sector, and some Ministers.
Videos
Technology
Ethiopia, Sudan Sign MoU to Cooperate on Telecom & Digital Transformation
Mar 16, 2023 218
Addis Ababa March 16/2023 (ENA) Ethiopia's Ministry of Innovation and Technology and Sudan’s Ministry of Telecommunication and Digital Transformation have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) today to cooperate on telecommunication and digital transformation sectors. Innovation and Technology Minister Belete Mola and Sudanese Minister of Telecommunication and Digital Transformation, Adel Hassan Mohamed Hussein signed the MoU in Addis Ababa. The implementation of the agreement is expected to improve people to people relations, experience sharing and cooperation on security issues between the two countries.   Innovation and Technology Minister Belete Mola said at the occasion that his ministry is committed to implement the MoU aimed at cooperating on telecommunication and digital transformation. “I was looking at the MoU,” Belete said, further pointing out, “There is strategy wise, policy wise, there is a lot that we are supposed to work together with our parallel Sudanese ministry and all other institutions around the ministry.” “We will be very much happy to make sure that the articles put in the MoU will be put into effect so to the benefit of our two sisterly countries and we will remain committed and again we are happy to have this relationship with our sister country Sudan.” The two big countries with huge potential have been playing star role in socio-political-economic affairs of the region and have to work and achieve more together not only for the benefit of the countries but also for the security and development of the region, he added. Sudanese Minister of Telecommunication and Digital Transformation, Adel Hassan Mohamed Hussein expressed readiness to start a new era of collaboration with Ethiopia. “We are so pleased to have this meeting today, to meet you and your team. Ethiopia is a sister country and we are looking forward to start a new era of collaboration. Yes, we are so close in the past, but we will be closer in the future.” The signing of the MoU by the Sudanese and Ethiopian ministries for cooperation in ICT and digital transformation is to tap into the unlimited opportunities in the field of telecom and digital transformation. “It gives me great pleasure and honor to meet you today your Excellency and witness a signing of the MoU between the government of Sudan and Ethiopia for cooperation in ICT and digital transformation.” Noting the unlimited opportunities in this field, the minister stressed the need for real cooperation and coordination. “We are looking forward to get the most benefit from this collaboration in exchanging knowledge, experience, technology, and even developing co-projects for the people of both countries.” The Sudanese minister has invited his counterpart to visit Sudan to reflect on the MoU together and incorporate it into a daily work and he accepted the invitation.      
E-Government Strategy and Enterprise Architecture for Ethiopia Launched
Mar 16, 2023 306
Addis Ababa March 16/2023 (ENA) Ministry of Innovation and Technology and the Delegation of the European Union to Ethiopia launched a five-year e-Government Strategy and Enterprise Architecture for Ethiopia today. Innovation and Technology Minister Belete Molla said implementing the project will improve government services delivery, facilitate digital economy, and foster socio-economic development. “ I am sufficiently informed that the ultimate goal of this project is to enable the Government of Ethiopia to be more efficient, result oriented, and to provide citizen-centered, secure and integrated e-governance services.”   According to him, the implementation of this project will go a long way to strengthen Ethiopia in the global digital economy by facilitating digital transformation for rapid, inclusive socio-economic wellbeing of our citizens. A policy framework articulated under the Digital Ethiopia 2025 Strategy is enabling utilization of digital technologies across the sectors of the economy to improve the services, Belete noted.   EU Delegation to Ethiopia Economy and Infrastructure Team Leader, Sanne Willems said the Union funded the project that will be implemented by the ministry. This is part of “a large project of 10-million-Euros to support the business environment and investment climate, including e-governance services,” she added. The team leader pointed out that effective implementation of the project will enable the government to improve services delivery in an inclusive and transparent way. The project also aligns with to the SDG-16 target and contributes to the strengthening of peace and justice institutions. Willems stated that the EU and Ethiopia have been cooperating on various areas for over four decades.
Int'l Atomic Energy Agency Expresses Keenness to Enhance Cooperation with Africa in Civilian Nuclear Technology
Mar 13, 2023 342
Addis Ababa March 13/2023 (ENA) The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has expressed its interest to enhance cooperation with Africa in civilian nuclear technology, Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Technical Cooperation, Hua Liu said. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), representatives of nearly 40 African countries including the African Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology (AFRA), are participating in the 2023 annual National Liaison Officers meeting here in Addis Ababa. The annual meeting being held under the theme, "Paradigm Shift," is aimed at enhancing the technical collaboration between African countries and IAEA. The 5-day meeting is expected to emphasize the significance of embracing change and innovation to achieve sustainable development goals through nuclear science and technology, it was learned. Speaking at the event, Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Technical Cooperation, IAEA, Hua Liu said the meeting aims to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the technical cooperation programme in Africa. Significant progress has been made in the region in recent years, he said , adding it is essential that Africa continue its efforts to develop and implement a programme of maximum benefit to the countries Socio-economic development. According to him, IAEA has launched a number of key initiatives such as Rays of Hope, NUTEC Plastics, and the Zoonotic Disease Integrated Action (ZODIAC), which are of particular importance to the African region. The agency will continue to provide support for the new comer countries in nuclear energy, especially in small modular reactor through interregional projects, he vowed. The programmes that his agency launched is also contributing to global efforts to address climate change. Growing number of African member states are focusing their attention on nuclear power, research reactors and irradiation technology, he said, adding his agency encourage Africa to take advantage of the support that the Agency offers in these areas. "IAEA also launched a program aimed at encouraging the next generation of women nuclear professionals by offering scholarships for their master degrees in nuclear topics’, he said. Speaking at the event, Ethiopian Minister of Innovation and Technology, Dr. Belete Molla, said as a founding member of the IAEA, since its establishment in 1957, my country through the years has enhanced its collaboration with the Agency.   He further stated that Ethiopia is highly committed and strongly supportive to the mandates of the Agency towards nonproliferation, nuclear safety and promoting peaceful applications of Nuclear Science and Technology for sustainable development. "We have a strong commitment of my government in collaborating and promoting technical cooperation with the Agency in key socio-economic sectors such as agriculture and food security, human health, water resource management, environment, manufacturing industry and power generation and in advancing Nuclear Science and Technology for sustainable development." Ethiopia is committed for advancing Nuclear Science and Technology for development including exploring the potential of nuclear power for electricity generation, he said. According to him, substantive measures are underway to establish the Center for Nuclear Science and Technology (CNST) through establishing an institute to sustainably manage the sector. "We are investing in research and development, constructing the necessary infrastructure, and developing policies and programs to support innovative businesses and entrepreneurs in all sectors," he added. This meeting will provide a vital platform for exchanging ideas and best practices, fostering new collaborations, and building partnerships, the minister stated. By working together, we can achieve sustainable development goals, leveraging the power of nuclear science and technology to create a more sustainable future for all, he noted. Speaking on his behalf, Director for the Division for Africa of the Department of Technical Cooperation, Professor Shaukat Abdulrazak, said our gathering here will help us find ways to share information and means, which help us produce documents and results based management.   The meeting will also help us address together some of the bottlenecks, he added. Technical cooperation program is a shared responsibility, that IAEA play role, he added. The National Liaison Officers and AFRA National Coordinators meeting will remain in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia will remain open until 17 of March and expected to adopt concrete measures and actions to further improve the planning and formulation of the next Technical Cooperation cycle for 2024-2025.
Ethio-telecom Sells over 39,000 SIM Cards to Residents of Shire City
Mar 4, 2023 548
March 4/2023 Shire City Ethio-telecom Sales Center in Tigray region disclosed that it has sold over 39,000 SIM cards in the last two months alone, and collected close to two million Birr revenue from various services. Following the peace agreement, the Government of Ethiopia has been actively engaged in reconstruction and restoration of basic services in areas severely affected by the war. Accordingly, essential services like air travel, telecom, banking, electricity have been restored in the city. Shire City Ethio-Telecom Sales Center Coordinator, Andom Belay told ENA that the center has been providing services for customers, following the peace agreement. The staff of the center are working hard to meet the demand of needs of the high number of customers, he said. The coordinator stated that the center sold over 39,000 SIM cards to customers in the last two months. Moreover, the center is also providing other services, including change of SIM card, tele Birr services, 3-G Internet and broadband data sales. Thus, close to two million Birr revenue was secured from SIM card sales and other additional services, Andom added. Similarly, transportation service has been restored from Shire City to the regional capital Mekelle and other towns in the region.   Passengers and drivers told ENA that the difficulty they faced during the conflict in the region has been resolved as they can travel in the region.   Following the peace deal, provisions of service in the different sectors have returned to normalcy.        
Sport
City Administration Expresses Gratitude to Victorious Nat'l Athletics Team
Jul 29, 2022 499
Addis Ababa July 29/2022/ENA/ The Addis Ababa City Administration held a Thanksgiving ceremony for the Ethiopian athletics team that registered stunning victory at the Oregon World Athletics Championship 2022. The athletic team, which stood second after the US in the medal list, was earlier given warm reception by President Sahle-Work Zewde at the National Palace and the outstanding members awarded. The City Administration Council of Addis Ababa also awarded 10 million Birr prize in total to the athletes who participated in the competition. In addition, the athletes who won gold, silver and bronze medals were given 500 to 250 square meters of land based on their results. Speaking on the occasion, Mayor Adanech Abebie said that the athletes have once again raised Ethiopia's honor in the world arena. "History testifies that we Ethiopians are people who do not surrender to defeat, and challenges make us stronger," she stressed. According to her, the athletes should be honored for their contribution in making the country's flag fly high in the world championships. Ethiopian Athletics Federation President, Commander Derartu Tulu said she was happy with the reception given to the athletes, stating that "the most precious gift is morale and respect we are given by the people." The Thanksgiving program was held under the theme: "We thank you for raising our flag in the world arena.” Culture and Sports Minister Kejela Merdasa, former famous athletes and various government officials attended the ceremony.
Environment
Ethiopia Doing Well in Planting Trees, Minimizing Desertification: AU Commissioner Sacko
Feb 17, 2023 505
Addis Ababa February 17/2013 /ENA/ Ethiopia is doing well in environmental protection and minimizing desertification through its Green Legacy of planting billions of trees, AU Agriculture, Rural Development, Blue Economy, and Sustainable Environment Commissioner Ambassador Josefa Leonel Sacko said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Commissioner Sacko commended Ethiopia’s Green Legacy initiated by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. “I commend the government of Ethiopia that is doing so well in planting trees because it is very important. By planting trees we can minimize the desertification and we can also stimulate the rain and mitigate the effect of drought on the continent,” she applauded. Rooted in a vision of building a green and climate-resilient Ethiopia, the Green Legacy Initiative was launched in June 2019. A target of planting 20 billion seedlings within a period of four years was set. By the fourth year, Ethiopia has succeeded in planting 25 billion seedlings by mobilizing more than 20 million citizens throughout the nation. The Green Legacy Initiative is a demonstration of Ethiopia’s long-term commitment to a multifaceted response to the impacts of climate change and environmental degradation that encompasses agroforestry, forest sector development, greening and renewal of urban areas, and integrated water and soil resources management. AU Agriculture, Rural Development, Blue Economy, and Sustainable Environment Commissioner urged African countries to follow suit and align their programs with African Union Commission as well. Speaking of Ethiopia’s wheat exporting with regard to food security, the Commissioner said that African countries should notice the essentiality of agriculture to secure food efficiency. “I commend Ethiopia for cultivating wheat and we know that there is a very good lesson for the countries and should follow the example of Ethiopia that have the ecological advantage to grow wheat in their countries,” Commissioner Sacko noted. Ethiopia is set to export 1.2 million quintals of wheat bumper harvest during this year, the Ministry of Trade and Regional Integration announced last week.
Ethiopia Doing Well in Planting Trees, Minimizing Desertification: AU Commissioner Sacko
Feb 16, 2023 509
Addis Ababa (ENA) February 16/2023 Ethiopia is doing well in environmental protection and minimizing desertification through its Green Legacy of planting billions of trees, AU Agriculture, Rural Development, Blue Economy, and Sustainable Environment Commissioner Ambassador Josefa Leonel Sacko said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Commissioner Sacko commended Ethiopia’s Green Legacy initiated by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. “I commend the government of Ethiopia that is doing so well in planting trees because it is very important. By planting trees we can minimize the desertification and we can also stimulate the rain and mitigate the effect of drought on the continent,” she applauded. Rooted in a vision of building a green and climate-resilient Ethiopia, the Green Legacy Initiative was launched in June 2019. A target of planting 20 billion seedlings within a period of four years was set. By the fourth year, Ethiopia has succeeded in planting 25 billion seedlings by mobilizing more than 20 million citizens throughout the nation. The Green Legacy Initiative is a demonstration of Ethiopia’s long-term commitment to a multifaceted response to the impacts of climate change and environmental degradation that encompasses agroforestry, forest sector development, greening and renewal of urban areas, and integrated water and soil resources management. AU Agriculture, Rural Development, Blue Economy, and Sustainable Environment Commissioner urged African countries to follow suit and align their programs with African Union Commission as well. Speaking of Ethiopia’s wheat exporting with regard to food security, the Commissioner said that African countries should notice the essentiality of agriculture to secure food efficiency. “I commend Ethiopia for cultivating wheat and we know that there is a very good lesson for the countries and should follow the example of Ethiopia that have the ecological advantage to grow wheat in their countries,” Commissioner Sacko noted. Ethiopia is set to export 1.2 million quintals of wheat bumper harvest during this year, the Ministry of Trade and Regional Integration announced last week.
World Meteorological Organization to Enhance Digital Transformation of Hydrometeorological Services in Africa
Feb 13, 2023 501
Addis Ababa /ENA/ February 13/2023 The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in collaboration with the Ethiopian Meteorological Institute (EMI) is holding its regional conference to enhance digital transformation of the hydrometeorological services in Africa. The use of modern digital technology has unexploited potential to offer through the value chain of climate services including in fields such as data collection, dissemination and personalization of services. Addressing the occasion, State Minister of Water and Energy Abraha Adugna said the information from meteorology and climate is basic parameters to achieve the nation’s ambitions in various fronts. Stating that lots of experiences will be shared among countries in the conference; he said “As Ethiopians, we will use those experiences for the next development plans.” “We are running a climate resilient green economy. That is one of the areas that we need information from climate and meteorology.” “For this and other purposes we need information from climate and meteorology. So the workshop will give the opportunity to get the good experiences from African countries as well as from other countries around the world.” WMO assistant Secretary General Wenjian Zhang said for his part African region permanent representatives meet together which they can address the challenges, and opportunities from their country’s perspective. For the assistant Secretary General, he expects the conference to promote further the partnership with regional key partners. The main objective of the conference is to strengthen observation network. Observation network is used to enhance and deliver meteorological and hydrological services, the Director General of Ethiopian Meteorological Institute Fetene Teshome said. He further stressed that the discussion mainly focuses on how can we strengthen the service delivery system in Africa. The 5 days conference will draw a strategic plan to enhance the capacities of hydrometeorological services in Africa and partnerships on infrastructural strength of national meteorological and hydrological services. Accordingly, the conference with the participation of global and regional experts and decision makers from Africa will discuss partnerships in enhancing communication in service delivery, capacity development, research and innovation and early warning in Africa. It is to be recalled that United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres had unveiled its early warnings for all: Executive action plan 2023–2027 that calls for a targeted investment of 3.1 billion USD at a high-level COP27 meeting in Egypt last November. It will cost the equivalent of just 50 cents per person per year for the next five years to reach everyone on Earth with early warnings against increasingly extreme and dangerous weather, World Meteorological Organization stated.
Most viewed
Africa’s Sustainable Growth Hinges on Science, Technology and Innovation: Experts
Mar 3, 2023 977
Addis Ababa March 3/2023/ENA/ Achieving the ambitious targets of the 2030 and 2063 Agendas of Africa requires leveraging the power of science, technology, and innovation (STI), according to experts. A press release issued by the ECA stated experts at the Ninth African Regional Forum on Sustainable Development have emphasized the crucial role of STI as a key driver and enabler for ensuring economic growth, improving well-being, mitigating the effects of climate change, and safeguarding the environment. They also underscored the need to strengthen national and regional STI ecosystems by fostering innovation, promoting entrepreneurship, and investing in research and development. By doing so, the experts said that Africa can harness the potential of STI to accelerate its socio-economic progress and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 and the African Union's Agenda by 2063. The session, held on 2 March 2023, builds on the recommendations of the Fifth African Science, Technology, and Innovation Forum, which accentuates the central role of STI and digitalization during the COVID-19 pandemic and the need for the necessary infrastructures for the development of STI, plans, and policies that are action-oriented towards strengthening its full implantation. The experts highlighted that despite advances in STI, significant gaps remain in bridging the scientific and technological divide between developed countries and Africa. The highly uneven global distribution of scientific capacity and access to knowledge threatens to derail the goal of leaving no one behind, which is the central and transformative promise of Agenda 2030. “We need a clear political will from governments to ensure science, technology, and innovation is a reality. By doing so our education systems will be capacitated to deliver knowledge that is vital to solving Africa’s sustainability challenges,” Niger Higher Education and Research Minister Mamoudou Djibo said. The strategy includes the establishment of universities as centers for excellence and investments in education, technical competencies, and training in the fields of science, technology, research, and innovation. These initiatives are crucial in accelerating progress towards achieving global goals. However, in order to fully leverage the potential of STI, significant investments in research and development are required. National systems also need to be strengthened, Namibia Information and Communication Technologies Deputy Minister Emma Theophilus, stated adding that “strengthening our national systems for STI is a key game changer for rapid structural transformation in Africa. Leveraging the digital transformation can achieve a stronger, smarter, and more inclusive recovery.” Emerging evidence suggests that an STI and digital Africa can be a springboard to accelerate the implementation of the SDGs and fulfill the aspirations of Agenda 2063.
WFP Calls on Donors to Step-up Support for Somaliland Refugees in Ethiopia
Mar 16, 2023 758
Addis Ababa March 16/2023 (ENA) The World Food Program (WFP) has urged donors to step up the level of support for some 100,000 Somaliland refugees who have fled to Ethiopia recently. Recall that about 100,000 Somaliland refugees, most of them women, pregnant and lactating mothers, unaccompanied children, elderly persons with serious medical conditions and disabilities, arrived at Doolo Zone of Somali Region, Ethiopia. In an exclusive interview with ENA, WFP Representative and Country Director Claude Jibidar said it is a sad situation to witness those Somaliland citizens forced to flee their homes due to conflict. Citing the gravity of the problem, he stated that WFP has “already provided some distributions. Distribution of food has been started and delivered for those people.” Partners too have been supplying water, shelter, and everybody is mobilized to respond, the country director said, adding that it seems like this is a situation that will not change overnight. Therefore “we need to step up the level of support so that we can sustain those people until they can go back home,” Jibidar said. “My appeal is to all the supporters. I know the government through Ethiopia’s Refugees and Returnees Service is doing a lot to support and we will also do our best. I am also appealing to donors to look at this situation so that we can help those people while they are here.” The WFP representative also expressed readiness to help the refugees when they go back and can resettle in their own home. The Ethiopian host communities have generously welcomed the refugees, sharing them the little they have in one of the areas hardest hit by drought affecting the Horn of Africa. The Refugees and Returnees Service and the UNHCR have together affirmed last week that many of the families have settled within the communities in common buildings or in open areas.   “The Government of Ethiopia, having maintained its longstanding generosity to asylum seekers, is receiving the needy by keeping the humanitarian and civilian nature of the overall response,” Refugees and Returnees Service (RRS) Director-General Tesfahun Gobezay said. According to him, “RRS and the UNHCR are coordinating with federal and regional government bodies, UN agencies and other partners to respond to the needs of the newly arrived asylum-seekers.” UNHCR Country Representative Mamadou Dian Balde noted that Ethiopians have “once again shown tremendous generosity by keeping their doors open for their Somali brothers and sisters in need of protection.”      
Feature Article
Exclusive Interview with Ambassador Zhao Zhiyuan
Mar 23, 2023 94
Ethiopian News Agency (ENA) conducted exclusive interview with H.E. Zhao Zhiyuan, Chinese Ambassador to Ethiopia, and discussed a wide range of bilateral and regional issues as well as issues of common concerns; the following are excerpts from the interview. Question: First, we would like to thank you for your willingness to have an interview with ENA, just to kick off, recently, an Ethiopian high-level delegation paid an official visit to China; how do you look at its importance in refreshing the bilateral relationship between these two countries? Amb Zhao Zhiyuan: We are very pleased to see the successful visit to China of the delegation led by H.E. Ahmed Shide, which has further advanced bilateral economic and trade relations. During the visit, the 10th Session of Economic, Scientific, technical Cooperation and Trade Joint Commission was held with the Ministry of Commerce. This is the first meeting of this kind between China and an African country in 2023, which fully reflects the good wishes of the two governments to deepen cooperation and common development. H.E. Ahmed Shide’s visit to China and the convening of the joint commission have injected new impetus to the relationship between the two countries, contributing to the building of China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era. During the visit, China and Ethiopia have achieved fruitful economic and trade cooperation results: (1)Bilateral field. China and Ethiopia had discussions on expanding cooperation in sectors such as trade, investment, development assistance, infrastructure construction, and debt treatment, and reached a series of consensus. The two sides signed a memorandum of understanding on the establishment of an investment and economic cooperation working group, which is of great significance for strengthening the construction of bilateral economic cooperation mechanisms and increasing policy support for economic and trade cooperation. (2)Attracting investment. The two sides conducted in-depth discussions on boosting Chinese investment in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has a vast market and huge development potential. Investment in key areas has always been an important part of the economic and trade cooperation between the two countries. The Chinese side stated that it will continue to encourage and support domestic enterprises to participate in investment in Ethiopia’s agriculture, tourism, medicine, energy, mining, telecommunications and other fields. During the Minister of Finance’s visit to China this time, an investment promotion meeting was held by the Ethiopian Embassy to actively promote investment opportunities in Ethiopia and hold discussions with Chinese-funded enterprises, which achieved good results. (3)Promoting trade. In recent years, the trade volume between China and Ethiopia has continued to increase, and the channels for Ethiopia to export coffee and other specialty products to China have been continuously smoothed, which has become a new highlight of China-Ethiopia economic and trade cooperation. During the meeting with H.E. Ahmed Shide, the Chinese side warmly welcomed the Ethiopian side to continue to actively participate in exhibition platforms such as the China International Import Expo, the Import and Export Fair, and the China-Africa Economic and Trade Expo, and at the same time make full use of the tariff-free treatment for 98 percent of products exported to China. China will work with Ethiopia to continuously optimize the trade structure between the two countries, and to develop measures to further facilitate the export of Ethiopian products to China. Question: Ethiopia and China have enjoyed good bilateral economic relations over the past decades. In light of this, what are you doing on your capacity and the embassy at large to diversify and further strengthen these partnerships in the years to come? Amb Zhao Zhiyuan: The Chinese Embassy in Ethiopia has been taking practical actions to attract more Chinese companies to invest in Ethiopia and help Ethiopia’s manufacturing industry take off. In the past six months, I have traveled to almost all the states and major cities in Ethiopia, focusing on the main local industrial parks and manufacturing enterprises to get a comprehensive understanding of the development of Ethiopia’s industry, and thinking about the paths and methods for Chinese enterprises to participate in developing Ethiopia’s manufacturing industry. The Chinese Embassy has also been advocating the advantages and potential of the Ethiopian market to Chinese companies, sharing market information in a timely manner, and actively coordinating relevant parties to help Chinese investors establish contact with the competent authorities in Ethiopia. We are also actively working with the Ethiopian side to jointly improve the business environment by holding business environment workshops to solve the difficulties encountered by enterprises in Ethiopia and attract more enterprises to invest in this country. The Chinese Embassy will continue to spare no effort to strengthen cooperation in the manufacturing industry between China and Ethiopia, and explore deeper cooperation in areas such as the construction of special economic zones. Question; China is making great strides in applying science and technology in multiple sectors as an important drive to its development; hence, what are some of the activities being carried out to facilitate sharing experience and knowledge transfer? Amb Zhao Zhiyuan: We are very pleased to see that Ethiopia has placed scientific and technological development in an important position in its national strategy in recent years, and we are also supporting Ethiopia’s scientific and technological development in our own way. The first is to strengthen cooperation in knowledge and skills. In 2022, the Ministry of Commerce of China enrolled 380 Ethiopian students in degree programs, and provided high-quality short-term capacity building programs for more than 2,000 students from various departments in Ethiopia, offering valuable opportunities for Ethiopian government officials and experts to learn advanced science and technology in China. In the future, we will also strengthen communication with relevant domestic and Ethiopian departments, optimize the capacity building programs to promote more effective transfer of advanced technology to Ethiopia. The second is to encourage high-tech enterprises to deeply engage in the Ethiopian market. Our enterprises in telecommunications, medicine, agriculture and other fields have gone into production and operation in Ethiopia for many years, which has not only promoted the economic development of Ethiopia, but also introduced advanced technology to the country. Next, we will also encourage more high-tech industries to invest in Ethiopia, so as to drive the development of science and technology through industrial development. The third is to focus on cultivating local high-tech enterprises in Ethiopia. Ethiopian enterprises are good at innovation, and many excellent start-ups have emerged. As long as we continue to pay attention and create an environment, I believe that the overall technological development has a promising future. Question: The conflict in the northern parts of Ethiopia has ended with a peace agreement. However, reconstructing these war-torn regions demand a huge amount of resources. In this respect, what is China doing to support the Ethiopian government in its effort to rehabilitate the regions? We welcome and appreciate the peace agreement reached by relevant parties under the auspices of the African Union. We hope that the peace agreement will be implemented smoothly and Ethiopia will restore prosperity and stability as soon as possible, and at the same time focus on economic and social construction. Ethiopia is the “anchor of stability” in the Horn of Africa. We believe that peace and stability in Ethiopia is also of great significance to the long-term stability of the region. China is willing to actively participate in Ethiopia’s post-war reconstruction and provide support to Ethiopia in the fields of humanitarian aid, health and education. At the same time, when the time is mature, we will actively promote investment and trade cooperation to help Ethiopia realize rapid economic and social development, and improve the living standards of the Ethiopian people. At present, I am closely following the situation in the north to make preparations for China’s participation in the reconstruction progress. Question: China recently released the concept paper for its Global Security Initiative; as a result, how will you collaborate with Ethiopia to maintain peace and security throughout the region of Horn of Africa? Amb Zhao Zhiyuan: Chinese president Xi Jinping proposed the Global Security Initiative (GSI) in 2022, which has received extensive endorsement. To maintain the peace and security in the Horn of Africa as a whole, China is ready to conduct cooperation to actively implement the Outlook on Peace and Development in the Horn of Africa on the basis of the GSI. Since China put forward the outlook, Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa Affairs of China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs has visited countries in the region for many times. China supported Ethiopia in the First China-Horn of Africa Peace, Good Governance and Development Conference, which was a resounding success, making great contributions to the peace and development of the region. Together with Ethiopia and other countries in the region, China will continue intra-regional dialogues, accelerate the revitalization of the region and support our African friends in an African solution to African problems. Based on respect for countries in the region, China will play a constructive role in properly handling hotspot issues and actively contribute China's solution and strength to the peace and security in the Horn of Africa.
Scaling up Ethio-US Relations for Mutual Benefits
Mar 15, 2023 200
  BY SOLOMON DIBABA Ethiopia and the United States have enjoyed warm government-to-government and people-to-people relations for well over a century. The ties have transcended the passage of time and the changes of governments and political systems in both countries. Formal Ethio-US relations date back to December 1903 following nine days of meetings in Ethiopia between the government of Ethiopia and Robert P. Skinner, an emissary of President Theodore Roosevelt. Ethiopia appreciated America’s commercial interest in Ethiopia, and that the United States did not possess colonial designs similar to those that were designed by colonial forces. Then, the talks which Ethiopia and the United States had held yielded a joint document known as the Treaty of Amity and Commerce. This agreement accorded Ethiopia Most Favored Nation status and eventually led to full diplomatic relations between the two countries. Over the past several decades, Ethiopia has remained a partner with the US in a battle against terrorism. It is to be recalled the US government and US based international NGOs have rendered immense contribution to roll back the 1984-85 food shortage crisis and recurrent drought that plagued the country. Given its geopolitical locations, Ethiopia has been a strong ally for the United States for many decades. Apart from government to government relations, people to people relations between the two countries have remained strong. Suffice to mention, the number of Ethiopian diaspora residing in the United States. Further, the two countries have enjoyed multiple development and economic cooperation for many decades.For instance, the Boeing and Ethiopian Airlines have demonstrated strong partnerships. Regarding development cooperation, since 1961, the USAID has continued to support various development programs including promotion of education, agricultural development programs including the US Peace Corp program for promoting cultural relations and expansion of modern education. The US provided support to Ethiopia in establishing Haramaya former Agricultural College and a number of agricultural colleges in Jimma, Bako and the College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture (then Debre Zeit Veterinary Science College) and a number of teachers training institutions across the country. Between 1953-1976, in line with the Mutual Defense Agreement Assistance, the US provided Ethiopia with defense armaments and trained military officers for the Ethiopian army and air force. Ethiopia shares a common interest with the US in ascertaining peace and stability in the Horn of Africa. The reform program that has been conducted in the country has been instrumental in further fostering the operational relations between the two countries in promoting democracy and good governance. Regular visits paid to Ethiopia by US officials including today’s visit by US Secretary of State Antony Blinken have enormous implications in forging relations between the two countries, in the areas of economic cooperation, security and upscaling a united action against terrorism in the Horn of Africa. Climate change induced drought has repeatedly become a major bottleneck for the economic development of countries in the Horn of Africa including Ethiopia. A number of countries of the Horn are still grappling with the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic. Overall, the US can provide technological and economic development support in partnership with these countries. Ethiopia and the US need to engage in the areas of peace building in the Horn and the rest of Africa. The mutual support and partnership based economic relations between Ethiopia and the US need to be promoted for mutual benefits of both countries. Roughly speaking, more than 3 million Ethiopians and foreign nationals of Ethiopian origin constitute the diaspora population across the world and most of whom reside and work in the US, becoming a major force to further strengthen the relationship between Ethiopia and the US. Both Ethiopia and the US need to develop and exploit the positive influence that the Ethiopian diaspora could play in fostering the relationship between the two countries. Ethiopia is now hosting close to one million refugees from the neighboring countries and is providing protection in line with guiding principles and statutes of the UNHCR. On the other hand, the Ethiopian Government is actively working in rehabilitating hundreds of IDPs that were affected by the conflicts in various parts of the country. As a longstanding partner with Ethiopia, the US can support such efforts as it will help to promote sustained peace and stability in the country. Ethiopia unswervingly stands for peace and stability in the Horn of Africa and the US can effectively partner with the Government of Ethiopia in building sustained peace and stability to promote mutually beneficial interest of the two countries. The people to people relations between the two countries can be enhanced through public diplomacy between the peoples of both countries to further promote cross cultural exchanges that have developed between the two nations for over a century. The ongoing visit by the US Secretary of State to Ethiopia is therefore expected to enhance the relations between the two friendly countries based on mutual understanding, respect and cordial relations.      
Ethiopian News Agency
2023