Social
Civil Society Organization Stresses Need for Reinforcing Participation of CSOs in Transitional Justice 
Jul 12, 2024 566
Addis Ababa July 12/2024 (ENA) The Ethiopian civil society organization, Lawyers for Human Rights (LHR), has stressed the need for reinforcing the engagement of civil society organizations in Ethiopia’s transitional justice process. Lawyers for Human Rights Executive Director Ameha Mekonnen told ENA that civil society organizations (CSOs) play critical role in the country’s inclusive growth, including social, human rights and rule of law, among others. The participation of civil society organizations in the transitional justice process is encouraging, he added. Better participation of all stakeholders is still crucial for the full implementation of the transitional justice, the executive director observed. Recalling that the transitional justice policy has been through various phases before its approval, he noted that civil society organizations and other stakeholders have been actively participating during the process. Such encouraging trend has to be further reinforced for the successful implementation of the policy, Ameha said. According to him, CSOs are instrumental in creating awareness among the general public, participating in capacity building and providing technical support during the implementation stage of the policy. Last month, Ministry of Justice announced the completion of the roadmap for implementing the Transitional Justice Policy adopted in April. The roadmap outlines activities that provide for criminal accountability, reparations, truth-seeking and institutional reform, and their sequencing, it was learned. The ministry further pointed out that the roadmap contains a system that allows Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) to participate as members for establishing temporary and permanent institutional collaborative management and implementation of transitional justice mechanisms. Recalled that the Transitional Justice Policy of Ethiopia was approved by the Council of Ministers in April 2024. The policy aims to oversee and implement the national transitional justice process based on principles of accountability, reconciliation, and reparation.
Ethiopia Receives United Nations Population Award 2024 for Efforts Against Child Marriage, FGM
Jul 12, 2024 640
Addis Ababa, July 12/2024 (ENA) United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has awarded Ethiopia the United Nations Population Award 2024 in recognition of its efforts in mitigating early marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM) in the country. Minister of Women and Social Affairs, Ergogie Tesfaye received the Award on behalf of the National Alliance to End Child Marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM) in a ceremony held at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. On the occasion, the minister detailed the Government of Ethiopia's legal, policy, and programmatic efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls, as well as harmful traditional practices like child marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM). She emphasized that this global recognition will further bolster Ethiopia's steadfast commitment to gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. The National Alliance to End Child Marriage and FGM, established in 2012, was recognized in the institutional category. This strategic partnership and coordination platform brings together government sectors, civil society organizations, UN agencies, development partners, research institutions, and faith-based actors, according to Ministry of Women and Social Affairs. Led by the Ministry of Women and Social Affairs, the National Alliance is mandated to oversee, coordinate, manage, and provide policy guidance on mechanisms and national strategies to prevent and eliminate child marriage and FGM. The United Nations Population Award, established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981, is presented to individuals and institutions with outstanding contributions to population and reproductive health. The ceremony was attended by United Nations leaders and officials, as well as representatives from member states and international organizations.
Global Population Reaches Nearly 8.2 Billion by Mid-2024
Jul 12, 2024 521
Addis Ababa, July 12/2024 (ENA) The global population reached nearly 8.2 billion by mid-2024 and is expected to grow by another two billion over the next 60 years, peaking at around 10.3 billion in the mid-2080s, according to World Population Prospects 2024 report published on Thursday by the United Nations. The world population will then fall to around 10.2 billion, which is 700 million lower than expected a decade ago, the report stated. However, changes in global population are uneven and the demographic landscape is evolving, with rapid population growth in some places and rapid ageing in others, making reliable population data “more important than ever”, said the UN sexual and reproductive health agency (UNFPA), heralding the report which is published to coincide with World Population Day. Marking the international day, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said it was key to accurately count everyone “because everyone counts.” “Our rich human tapestry is only as strong as its weakest thread. When data and other systems work for those on the margins, they work for everyone. This is how we accelerate progress for all.” To study this population data more closely, the 28th edition of World Population Prospects (WPP) published by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) since 1951, provides the latest demographic data for 237 countries from 1950 to 2024 and projections up to the year 2100. The WPP is crucial to monitor the Sustainable Development Goals, with about a quarter of the indicators relying on its data. The world’s overall fertility rates are dropping, with women having one child fewer on average than they did around 1990. In more than half of all countries and areas, the average number of live births per woman is below 2.1 - the level required for a population to maintain a constant size. The average age of the population of the world is also increasing. By the late 2070s, the number of persons 65 years or older is projected to surpass the number of persons under 18. This is in part due to the overall increase in life expectancy and decrease in mortality rates over the past three decades. By the late 2050s, more than half of all global deaths will occur at age 80 or higher, a substantial increase from 17 per cent in 1995. While the slow growth or decline of populations is occurring mainly in high-income countries, rapid population growth will occur in low-income and lower-middle-income countries. Specifically, Angola, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Niger, and Somalia, very rapid growth is projected, with their total population doubling between 2024 and 2054. This population growth will increase demand for resources, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia and, combined with poorly managed urbanisation and rising living standards, it will worsen environmental impacts. Climate change, a major challenge, affects these countries the most, where many rely on agriculture - and food insecurity is prevalent. In countries including India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan and the United States, population is also expected to increase through 2054 and could potentially peak in the second half of the century or later.
WHO Prequalifies First Self-test Kit for Hepatitis C virus 
Jul 11, 2024 828
Addis Ababa July 11/2024 (ENA) The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that it has prequalified the first self-test for the hepatitis C virus (HCV), thus accelerating efforts towards elimination of the viral infection. The OraQuick HCV self-tests “can provide a critical support in expanding access to testing and diagnosis,” WHO said in a press release. The kit is manufactured by OraSure Technologies and is an extension of the OraQuick HCV Rapid Antibody Test which was initially prequalified by WHO in 2017 for professional use. Prequalification by the UN’s health agency helps to ensure that medicines supplied by international procurement agencies meet acceptable standards of quality, safety and efficacy. “The addition of this product to the WHO prequalification list provides a safe and effective way to expand HCV testing and treatment services, ensuring more people receive the diagnoses and treatment they need, and ultimately contributing to the global goal of HCV elimination,” said Dr. Meg Doherty, Director of the Department of Global HIV, Hepatitis and STI Programmes. Hepatitis C attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic illness that can be life-threatening. It is spread through contact with infected blood, including through sharing needles or syringes, unscreened blood transfusions, and sexual practices that lead to exposure to blood. Some 50 million people have chronic hepatitis C virus infection, with about a million new infections occurring each year, according to WHO. The UN agency estimated that approximately 242,000 people died from hepatitis C in 2022, mostly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, or primary liver cancer. WHO recommended self-testing in 2021 to complement existing testing services, based on evidence demonstrating that it increases both access to and uptake of services, particularly among people who may not otherwise test for the virus. Dr. Doherty said 3,500 lives are lost each day to viral hepatitis. Furthermore, “of the 50 million people living with hepatitis C, only 36 per cent had been diagnosed, and 20 per cent have received curative treatment by the end of 2022.” WHO Director for the Department of Regulation and Prequalification, Dr. Rogério Gaspar added that “the availability of a WHO prequalified HCV self-test enables low and middle-income countries have access to safe and affordable self-testing options which is essential to achieving the goal of 90 per cent of all people with HCV to be diagnosed.” WHO said that it will continue to assess additional HCV self-tests, among other measures, which include working with communities to expand available options to all countries.  
Ministries, Institutions Agree to Strengthen Collaboration to Sustainably Rehabilitate Returnee Migrants
Jul 9, 2024 628
Addis Ababa July 9/2024 (ENA)The Ministry of Women and Social Affairs inked an agreement with pertinent ministries and institutions to strengthen cooperation to sustainably rehabilitate and safeguard the rights of returnee Ethiopian migrants. Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Justice, Education, Health, Agriculture, Labor and Skills, Innovation and Technology signed the agreement today with the Ministry of Women and Social Affairs. Federal Police Commission, Immigration and Citizenship Service, as well as Refugees and Returnees Service are also the institutions inked the agreement with the ministry. Minister of Women and Social Affairs, Ergoge Tesfaye signed the agreement with ministers of the stated ministries and head of the institutions.   On the occasion, Ergoge brought attention to the precarious situation faced by citizens who attempt to migrate abroad through human traffickers. These citizens face health risks, psychological stress, sexual abuse by armed organizations, border guards, and other criminal gangs, among other potentially fatal risks. She mentioned about the extensive measures being taken by the Ethiopian government in agreement with its citizen oriented policy to repatriate citizens who fled their country of origin through irregular migration and were facing several difficulties. The agreement signed today with pertinent ministries and institutions aimed at strengthening cooperation in the efforts to rehabilitate and sustainably safeguard the rights of these returnees, she underlined.        
Africa Needs Additional 800 million USD Annually towards Meeting SDGs 
Jul 9, 2024 851
Addis Ababa July 9/2024 (ENA)African policymakers, gender experts, and development actors are calling on countries to invest and collaborate more to finance the production and use of gender data to improve the lives of women and girls. Senior public sector officials and civil society actors from nearly 40 African countries are convened in Gaborone, Botswana for the Africa Gender Statistics Forum 2024 (AGSF24). This year’s form aims to take stock of Africa’s progress and gender perceptions in the Addis Ababa Declaration on Population and Development, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, and the 3rd Africa Program on Gender Statistics. Held under the theme Pooling Together for Gender Statistics: Financing the Numbers that Make Women and Girls Count, the 2024 theme is informed by the International Women’s Day 2024 call: Invest in Women, Accelerate Progress. “The financing gap for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) stands at 1.3 trillion USD per year,” said William Muhwava, Chief of the Demographic and Social Statistics Section speaking on behalf of Oliver Chinganya, Director of the African Centre for Statistics, at the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). “Africa needs at least an additional 800 million USD per year towards meeting the SDGs. At the current pace, gender equality will only be achieved in 2094,” said Muhwava. While development assistance for gender equality has increased every year since 2015, funding for gender data and statistics has fallen by nearly half compared to averages from 2019. As one of the most significant annual meetings of producers and users of gender statistics in Africa, the AGSF provides an invaluable platform for raising the bar on how the region makes available and uses the data that can be applied for evidence-based policy and decision-making, including gender-responsive budgeting to improve the lives of African women and girls. The bottom line remains that gender data and statistics are crucial to effectively catering for the diverse realities of women and men, boys and girls in Africa’s development. The sixth AGSF is jointly hosted by Statistics Botswana, the African Union Commission (AUC), the African Development Bank (AfDB), PARIS21, the Southern African Development Cooperation (SADC) and UN Women under the auspices of the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).  
Ethiopia Building Disaster Preparedness, Emergency Response Capacity  
Jul 8, 2024 750
Addis Ababa, July 8/2024 (ENA) Ethiopia is putting in place a system to improve emergency responses and disaster preparedness by using its own capacity, Commissioner of the Ethiopian Disaster Risk Management Commission, Shiferaw Teklemariam remarked. The Commissioner told ENA the country has been establishing a system aimed at improving national capacity in disaster prevention, preparedness, and emergency response by utilizing its own resources in an effort to reduce its reliance on foreign aid. The government is registering encouraging achievements to build self-reliance in disaster preparedness, response and recovery efforts, he added. Productive safety net program is being implemented in the country to help citizens that require humanitarian and material support based on a survey conducted twice a year to get rid of vulnerability. The commissioner emphasized that in order to empower citizens to help themselves, humanitarian organizations must step up efforts to assist initiatives aimed at realizing sustainable development instead of solely engaging in emergency aid. Shiferaw pointed out that six regions including the Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa city administrations have already instituted a system that would enable them to provide humanitarian assistance by their own capacity. Accordingly, Sidama, Harari, South West Ethiopia and Central Ethiopia regions became self-reliant in the provision of humanitarian aid to those who are in need of support in their respective regions. He also pointed out the ongoing efforts to build the capacity of other regions to effectively respond to emergencies. The Commissioner said humanitarian assistance is being delivered to conflict affected Tigray, Amhara and Afar regions. Most of the citizens who were displaced due to man-made and natural disasters and located in various shelters have now been returned to their homes, he said, noting that the ongoing activities to repatriate the other displaced people and sustainably rehabilitate them. According to Shiferaw, Ethiopia has been putting various mechanisms in place to strengthen its fund and reserve capacity by enacting disaster risk management policy with a view to acquiring capabilities vital to prevent and control disasters. To realize this goal, the country is in the process of establishing an institution that is capable of swiftly responding to natural and man-made disasters, he revealed, citing the ongoing activity to build reserve stocks vital during emergencies.  
House Puts Emphasis on Research Based Parliamentary Works, Systems 
Jul 8, 2024 576
Addis Ababa July 8/2024 (ENA)Speaker of Ethiopian House of Peoples’ Representative (HPR), Tagese Chafo stressed the need for intensifying robust research to inform sound decision-making by parliamentarians. The speaker also expressed commitment to support knowledge-based decision making by the legislatures. The HPR convened its 4th parliamentary conference today which underscored the house’s commitment to ensuring the rule of law, serving the people, and protect national interest. In his remarks, Tagesse emphasized that the parliament is a democratic institution working for the public good. He noted the importance of ensuring rule of law, justice, and rights while maintaining transparency and accountability. The Speaker further highlighted the importance for robust research to inform sound decision-making by parliamentarians and expressed commitment to support knowledge-based decision making. Some 10 researches are being presented during the conference today. The conference is a crucial step in empowering the parliamentarians to fulfill their constitutional and public responsibilities, the speaker said.   Addressing to the conference, Innovation and Technology Minister, Belete Mola on his part underscored on the digital revolution's profound impact, presenting both opportunities and challenges. Urging the parliament to adapt and empower alongside these digital dynamics, the minister stressed that lawmaking must keep pace with the digital age to safeguard national security and interest. Noting that parliament has a key role in crafting legislation rooted in the constitution to address the digital landscape and protect our nation, the minister emphasized the importance of empowering citizens through access and utilization of digital tools in the ongoing digitalized economy. Belete also called for strengthened research capabilities to support informed decision-making despite the challenging environment for research in terms of budget limitations, lack of institutional support and among others in Ethiopia. However, the minister believes the parliament can play a vital role in addressing many of these challenges. He also confirmed that the parliament has been effective in its legislative and oversight functions regarding the laws about innovation and technology. The parliament's commitment towards ensuring the rule of law, public and national interests, and embracing the digital age enables it to play effective role in the country's development.  
High Number of AAU Post-Graduates Demonstrates University’s Focus on Transition to Research 
Jul 6, 2024 1331
Addis Ababa, July 6/2024 (ENA) The high number of post-graduate students from the Addis Ababa University (AAU) demonstrates the university’s focus on transition to a research university, Interim President Samuel Kifle said. Addis Ababa University (AAU) graduated 51 percent of post-graduates with the highest Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) out of the 5,574 students who graduated at Millennium Hall today. Opening the ceremony, AAU Interim President Samuel Kifle said 2,837 of the total are post-graduates and 2,737 undergraduates. Some 36 percent of the undergraduates are women, it was learned. The graduates hail from the university’s extensive academic structure, encompassing 10 colleges, 2 technology institutes, 11 research institutions, and 17 campuses. The interim president stated that the university is developing new procedures to further improve the educational services provided. AAU Chancellor and Education Minister, Professor Birhanu Nega urged the graduates to be cognizant of the complex challenges facing Ethiopia, Africa, and the world.   He emphasized the importance of educational institutions in fostering truth-seeking and knowledge-based learning. Moreover, the chancellor encouraged graduates to embrace ethical conduct and promote national unity as they embark on their professional journeys. The graduation coincides with another significant milestone for AAU – its transition towards becoming a self-administered and autonomous university, the chancellor observed. Professor Birhanu said the government is implementing several reforms to ensure quality of education. He pointed out that a system has been put in place to make universities more autonomous in research, teaching and community-oriented services.      
Need for Strengthening Ties between Ethiopia, China through Cultural Ties Underscored
Jul 6, 2024 999
Addis Ababa, July 6/2024 (ENA) Strengthening the ties between Ethiopia and China in civilization, culture, and people-to-people relations would be highly beneficial for both countries, Chinese NGO Network for International Exchange Vice President Li Jun said. In a move to deepen cultural ties and mutual understanding, a high-level forum was held in Addis Ababa as part of the Civilization Lecture Series today.   The forum emphasized the ancient roots of both civilizations, with speakers highlighting Ethiopia's 3,000-year history and China's 5,000-year legacy. It was highlighted at the forum that the relationship between Ethiopia and China has reached an all-weather, comprehensive strategic partnership level due to the relentless efforts of both countries. Moreover, it was stated that this comprehensive and strong cooperation that the two countries have achieved effective work in sustainable development, civilization, and cultural exchange by further strengthening it. Opening the forum, Chinese NGO Network for International Exchange Vice President Li Jun highlighted the historical depth of Sino-Ethiopian relations. "While separated by oceans and mountains, the friendship between China and Ethiopia runs deep in history," he stated, referencing diplomatic milestones dating back to 100 B.C. The vice president proposed three key areas for future cooperation between Ethiopia and China, namely respecting civilizational diversity, advocating shared human values, and strengthening people-to-people exchanges. Li emphasized the importance of rejecting "pride and prejudice" in cultural interactions and supporting Ethiopia's right to choose its own development path. For his part, United Nations Development Programme advisor Gedion Jalata underscored the importance of understanding each other's civilizations.   "When we understand their civilization, their culture, we will better collaborate with them," he explained. Gedion further stated that both Ethiopia and China are oldest states in the world, with Ethiopia ranging 3,000 years of existence and China more than 5,000 years. Mentioning China's success in poverty alleviation, he suggested that Ethiopia learns from this experience. "China managed to lift over 700 million people out of poverty in less than 30 years. This can be, I think, a good lesson for African countries." Melaku Mulualem, Director-General at the Institute of Foreign Affairs, added depth to the discussion saying that President Xi of China came up with global civilization initiative to have dialogue among civilizations.   The presence of many civilizations has demanded dialogue and discussion among civilizations, he noted, adding that this is the point for discussion for today. Dialogue among civilizations will produce peace among civilizations, he stressed. Today's event also touched on China's Global Civilization Initiative (GCI), proposed by President Xi Jinping, which calls for respect for civilizational diversity and greater international community engagement. Both Ethiopia and China look forward to celebrating significant milestones - the 75th anniversary of the People's Republic of China and the 54th anniversary of Sino-Ethiopian diplomatic relations this year and the forum marks a step towards deeper cultural and civilizational ties. The event concluded with a shared commitment to promote mutual understanding, peaceful coexistence, and collaborative development, setting the stage for continued dialogue and cooperation between Ethiopia and China in the years to come. The Civilization Lecture Series initiative, aligned with China's Global Civilization Initiative, has brought together representatives from both countries, including officials from the political department of the Chinese Embassy in Ethiopia, the Institute of Foreign Affairs, the National Dialogue Commission, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders from both nations to explore their shared histories and discuss future cooperation.  
UNESCO Representative Stresses Need for Incorporating Culture in Africa Education
Jul 6, 2024 602
Addis Ababa, July 6/2024 (ENA) Culture should be incorporated in the curricula of African countries as it is instrumental in building resilient communities, UNESCO Ethiopia and AU representative Bissoonauth said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Rita Bissoonauth, UNESCO Representative to the African Union and Ethiopia, stressed conserving culture is one of the mandates of UNESCO. “As UNESCO, one of our priorities in African operational strategy priorities is cultural heritage. Cultural aspects should be incorporated in our curriculums.” The representative stated that “if we do not know our culture, if we do not know our identity, we are all lost in this world. So, it is very important to include culture in our curriculum,” Bissoonauth emphasized. UNESCO, as the only United Nations agency with a core mandate in both culture and education, has plans to embed culture and the arts in and through education as key resources for human development. Africa is a continent with an incredibly rich culture, bursting with beauty and diversity. The cultural heritage of the continent is rich and diverse, shaped by thousands of years of history, traditions, and customs. Cognizant of this, UNESCO is working on protecting and safeguarding the world’s cultural and natural heritages and supporting creativity and dynamic cultural sectors that are fundamental to addressing the challenges of climate change, poverty, inequality, the digital divide and ever more complex emergencies and conflicts. Accordingly, in the field of culture, UNESCO has promoted the learning of heritage, both tangible and intangible, as a way of broadening perspectives and deepening knowledge about history and society, for strengthening heritage protection and transmission, as well as enriching intercultural understanding and the appreciation of cultural diversity.    
Some 5,574 Graduate from Addis Ababa University, Most of Them Post-Graduate Students 
Jul 6, 2024 492
Addis Ababa, July 6/2024 (ENA) Addis Ababa University (AAU) has graduated 5,574 undergraduate and postgraduate students at the Millennium Hall today. Opening the ceremony, AAU Interim President Samuel Kifle said the graduation saw a record-breaking number of 2,837 postgraduate students. According to him, this surge signifies the university's growing emphasis on research and its transition towards becoming a full-fledged research university.   Furthermore, the remaining 51 percent undergraduates are female, demonstrating AAU’s commitment to gender equality in education. The graduates hail from the university’s extensive academic structure, encompassing 10 colleges, 2 technology institutes, 11 research institutions, and 17 campuses, it was learned. AAU Chancellor and Education Minister, Professor Birhanu Nega urged the graduates to be cognizant of the complex challenges facing Ethiopia, Africa, and the world.   The professor emphasized the importance of educational institutions in fostering truth-seeking and knowledge-based learning. He also encouraged graduates to embrace ethical conduct and promote national unity as they embark on their professional journeys. The graduation coincides with another significant milestone for AAU – its transition towards becoming a self-administered and autonomous university, the chancellor added. According to him, the graduating class is the first to experience the benefits of recent educational reforms, including the one-year freshman program and the implementation of a leaving examination to ensure enhanced learning quality. Addis Ababa University’s 74th Grand Graduation Ceremony marks a chapter of academic excellence, a commitment to research, and the empowerment of a diverse and socially responsible generation of graduates.
Disaster Policy Instrumental in Mitigating, Responding to Calamities with Own Resources: DRM Commissioner
Jul 5, 2024 488
Addis Ababa, July 5/2024(ENA):- The Disaster Risk Management Policy will enable the nation to mitigate and respond to natural and manmade calamities with own resources, according to the Disaster Risk Management Commission (DRMC). Officials of the commission have briefed today HPR Foreign Relations and Peace Affairs Standing Committee members on the policy and the draft bill for the structure and operations of the commission at the African Leadership Excellence Academy. DRM Commissioner Shiferaw recalled on the occasion that the Disaster Risk Management Policy was ratified in February 2024. Following the ratification of the policy, a bill on the structure and operations of the commission has been drafted. DRM Program Coordination and Implementation Deputy Commissioner, Nesibu Yasin presented a discussion paper on the content of the policy. He recalled that Ethiopia followed donor driven disaster risk management response in the past years. In his presentation, the deputy commissioner underscored the importance of preparing and implementing a disaster risk management policy that would enable the country to rid of foreign dependence. According to him, the policy was crafted with due consideration to national and international realities. The policy has also indicated how to effectively respond to natural and manmade calamities by relaying on locally generated resources. The deputy commissioner added that the policy document is instrumental in enabling the country to effectively mitigate natural and manmade calamities by developing locally generated resources by 2030. Standing Committee for Foreign Relations and Peace Affairs Chair, Dima Nogo, and DRM Commissioner Shiferaw Tekelemarian as well as officials of the commission and members of the committee were in attendance at the briefing and discussion sessions.        
Stakeholders Discuss Ethiopia's Draft Transitional Justice Implementation Roadmap
Jul 3, 2024 888
Addis Ababa, July 3/2024(ENA)- A consultative workshop aimed at enriching Ethiopia’s draft Transitional Justice Implementation Roadmap was held today. The draft roadmap designed to guide this phase emphasizes the involvement of civil society organizations in fulfilling coordination responsibilities as mandated by the Transitional Justice Policy.   Speaking on the occasion, Justice State Minister Belayhun Yirga noted that the transitional justice policy was developed by independent experts to achieve justice goals effectively. Similarly, consultation forums on developing the roadmap designed by independent experts would be conducted to gather inputs in the coming days. Transitional Justice Expert Team Chairperson, Tadesse Kassa said that while the adoption of the comprehensive policy document is a significant national achievement for Ethiopia, it represents only the initial step.   Highlighting the importance of concerted efforts to move forward and establish a strong national transitional justice system, the chairperson added that implementing transitional justice necessitates extensive institutional cooperation, coordination, and the establishment of a rigorous monitoring and support system. According to him, this undertaking is both demanding and complex, requiring thorough planning and sustained commitment from all stakeholders involved. Within the framework of the approved transitional justice policy in Ethiopia, the goals of achieving sustainable peace, comprehensive justice, reconciliation, and establishing the rule of law require outlining the roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders. This includes defining their work processes, clearly indicating time frames, and demonstrating coordinated resource collection and utilization. Such clarity and coordination are essential to effectively implement the policy and achieve its objectives, the chairperson stated. Therefore, it is advisable to develop a comprehensive roadmap in advance to ensure the integrated and effective implementation of transitional justice until the mentioned institutions are organized and operational. Such a roadmap provides an opportunity for all stakeholders to manage their activities collaboratively and in a predictable manner. Tadesse pointed out that this proactive approach helps to maintain coherence and continuity in transitional justice efforts from the outset and throughout its implementation phase. It is to be recalled that the Transitional Justice Policy of Ethiopia has been approved by the Council of Ministers on April 2024. The policy aims to oversee and implement the national transitional justice process based on principles of accountability, reconciliation, and reparation.      
Ethiopian News Agency
2023