Headlines
Experts Hail Ethiopia's Enduring Archives, Library Service on its 80 Year Anniversary
Feb 25, 2024 453
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA) On its 80 year anniversary experts hailed the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service as a treasure trove of national wealth and knowledge, holding a legacy that spans generations. Marking the occasion, the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service inaugurated a new 17-storey building to expand its services. There are also efforts to digitize its services. Highlighting its lifelong connection with the people, Oxford University Language, History and Literature Researcher, Girma Getahun reminisced about his childhood association with the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service.   Although Girma has left Ethiopia several years ago, he explained his continued reliance on the resources of the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service, acknowledging its unwavering role in nurturing his journey of seeking knowledge. Emeritus University Biology Professor, Shibru Tedla emphasized the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service’s immense value as a knowledge repository for researchers and young people.   The professor urged expanding accessibility by collecting archives and documents from across Ethiopia. The classic institution has also been preserving diverse heritages in the country, including in the music sector. Ethiopian Music Sector Association President, Dawit Yifru highlighted the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service’s critical role in documenting and preserving Ethiopia's artistic heritage, including contemporary music, for future generations and research.   Priest Fikade Bishaw, a writer dedicated to transmitting indigenous knowledge to generations commended that Ethiopian Archives and Library Service for safeguarding diverse national resources that will certainly enrich future generations.   Similarly, Islamic Manuscripts Guide, Abdelrasi Haji Mohammed Amin lauded the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service for its dedication to documenting Islamic historical heritages.   Abdelrasi emphasized the importance of ongoing efforts to digitize these resources to ensuring wider accessibility. The institution's anniversary not only commemorates its past achievements but also underscores commitment to expanding access and safeguarding diverse knowledge for future generations. The new building symbolizes this ongoing mission, ensuring that this vital institution continues to serve as a beacon of knowledge and cultural heritage for Ethiopia.        
Ethiopia’s Former Deputy PM Demeke Elected as First President of Council of Global Black Center
Feb 24, 2024 1182
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA)The former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Ethiopia, Demeke Mekonnen has been elected today as the first President of the Council of the Global Black Center. The Global Black center (GBC)’s council convened its first meeting here in Addis Ababa and endorsed its organizational constitution that comprises 22 articles.   During the occasion, the Global Black Council's first President Demeke said that Ethiopia being the symbol of freedom, beacon of prosperity, and land of origin deserves to host the GBC. The president stated that it is a humbling responsibility for me and the leadership will take practical steps to operationalize the governing structure of the Global Black center. It is appropriate that we are honoring our commitment to put in place a structure fit for such lofty goals of global importance, Demeke added. “I would like to highlight that the preservation and restoration of African heritage has been given the attention it deserves. Conflicts, lack of due care, and absence of adequate digital technologies are robbing Africans of their heritage,” he noted. Acknowledging education as a key tool to the success of Global Black center’s goals, the former Deputy Prime Minister revealed that “we are fortunate that the center benefits from the active ownership and participation of high-level academicians.” “We should design training programs that could have a multiplier effect across Africa. History in Africa has been a controversial subject within and among countries. Educators must take the responsibility of converging African academicians toward an approach that will help Africans in the continent and the Diaspora,” the president stressed. Furthermore, Demeke hoped that the Global Black Center would emerge as a desirable platform to advance black history, culture, heritage and development. To this end, the president stressed the need for holding an annual conference by bringing together scholars and other dignified personalities. “Therefore, we should organize a colorful Annual Black Conference every year with the participation of many scholars, continental representatives, Head of Governments, International Organizations, dignified personalities and all others that share the purpose and objectives of our center in its Head Quarter, Ethiopia,” he elaborated. According to him, panel discussions, debates, exhibitions, art works and other pertinent matters will be entertained and exhibited in the Annual Black gathering it is anticipated thereby to be a globally flagged legacy of the GBC.    
Reform in Education Will Immensely Support Ethiopia’s Transformation: AAU INT Prez 
Feb 24, 2024 630
Addis Ababa February 24/2024(ENA)The reform underway on education in general and higher education in particular will immensely support Ethiopia’s transformation, Addis Ababa University Interim President Samuel Kifle said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, the interim president noted that Ethiopia has been expanding higher education for decades. But having more institutions is not enough, he said, adding that the country has to make sure that the institutions are well oriented; and this requires to undertake a reform especially in higher education.” Samuel recalled that Addis Ababa University has been designated as the first autonomous university for the country. This will enable the university to focus on its mission and excel in delivering education by undertaking cutting edge researches as well as transforming societies through community engagement services. According to the interim president, institutional transformation is not a onetime intervention and Addis Ababa University will be working on its own by setting standards and become exemplary to the other universities in Ethiopia. Ethiopia, the second most populace nation on the African continent with predominantly youth population is investing in education to make sure that the future depends on knowledge and transformation of the economy, Samuel elaborated. “Reforming education in general and higher education in particular will immensely support Ethiopia’s transformation and make it the beacon of prosperity for Africa.” For the president, the Ethiopian government has been generously supportive to higher education and has remained committed to the success of Addis Ababa University. Addressing the 37th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (AU) held last week, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed noted that education is key for sustainable development and faster growth. “In the last five years, Ethiopia has made significant progress towards universal access to education. We have built over 30,000 kindergarten and primary schools. We are heavily investing in secondary schools and TVETs to ensure quality and skill development as well as meet labor market needs,” he pointed out. Today new technology and innovative learning models can help the continent to leapfrog into the future, the premier said, adding that technology has taken learning beyond the classroom. The Assembly of Heads of State and Government of AU was held under the theme: “Educate an African fit for the 21st Century --- Building Resilient Education Systems for Increased Access to Inclusive, Lifelong, Quality, and Relevant Learning in Africa.” During the opening of the summit, African Union Chairperson Mohamed Ould Ghazouani stressed the need for Africa to create a revolution in its educational systems to achieve the plans and strategies of the continent.
Council Passes Decisions on Various Issues, Refers Bills to Parliament
Feb 24, 2024 631
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA) The Council of Ministers, in its 27th regular session today has discussed various issues and passed decisions, according to the Office of the Prime Minister. Initially, the Council deliberated on the draft regulation of forest development, protection and utilization. This draft regulation has been prepared and presented to the Council of Ministers in order to properly develop, protect and sustainably use Ethiopia’s forest resources. Moreover, the draft regulation would be instrumental to build a climate-resilient economy as well as to introduce carbon trading to the international market system. Following an extensive discussion on the draft regulation, the Council unanimously decided to implement it right after its publication in the Negarit Newspaper. Subsequently, the council discussed the three financial support agreements that have been signed with the International Development Association. These agreements include a loan of 300 million US dollars for the implementation of the digital identification card inclusion and service delivery project. The loan agreements also include some 200 million USD for the implementation of the education and training project, and 90 million USD for the implementation of the business logistics improvement program. After confirming that all loans are interest-free, a 1.25 percent service fee, having a grace period of six years, will be paid off in 38 years and in line with the country's credit management policy, the council referred the draft bill to the House of Peoples' Representative for approval. The council also discussed two financial support agreements signed with the Italian government. The first agreement is a loan of 6.5 million Euros to be allocated for the implementation of the Boye Lake and its surroundings sustainable development project. And the second agreement is a loan of 83.5 million Euros for the execution of the energy sector project, it was indicated. Confirming that the loans are interest-free and it has a grace period of six years to be paid in 30 years, the Council of Ministers has referred the draft to the parliament for approval. The council also discussed a draft regulation to amend the regulations issued to establish the National Animal Health Protection Institute as a development organization. Accordingly, the council unanimously decided to raise the authorized capital of the institute to 2.6 billion Birr, and that the regulation become effective as of its date of publication in the Negarit Gazette. In addition, the council discussed the draft regulations to determine the service fees to be paid for the services provided by the institute of Ethiopian Standards and Federal Documents Authentication and Registration Service. In order to expand the provision and improve the quality of the institutions’ services, the draft regulations have been prepared. The draft is also important to set up a system that will allow the institutions to cover part of the cost of providing services in a manner that takes into account the affordability of the community. The council decided the regulation to be effective by its date of publication in the Negarit Gazette. The council then discussed the draft policy on disaster risk management and cleared for implementation effective from today 24th February 2024. Furthermore, the Council of Ministers rigorously discussed a bill to approve the amendment agreement on the establishment of the Inter-Governmental Development Authority (IGAD). Since it is necessary to strengthen the cooperation between member countries, economic, social, environmental and political integration as well as accelerate cross-border cooperation and facilitate the sustainable development of member countries, the amendment of the IGAD founding agreement was approved by the summit held on June 12, 2023. After the council deliberation on amended IGAD establishment agreement, it referred the bill to the House of Peoples Representative for approval. Another agenda discussed by the Council of Ministers is the bill to approve the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the governments of Ethiopia and Jordan, an agreement on protection of the rights and interests of Ethiopian nationals working in Jordan.The council discussed the agreement in detail and unanimously decided to refer it to the parliament for approval. Finally, the council discussed four draft agreements related to the development of bromine, granite, coal and alluvial gold mines. In this case, the council confirmed that draft agreements are critical to realize the strategy designed in fulfilling the industrial inputs locally, increasing the earning of foreign currency, creating employment opportunities for citizens, and also ensuring that the agreements are compatible with the government's policy direction in terms of environmental protection and community benefit. Eventually, the Council of Ministers decided for the Ministry of Mines to sign the agreements and put them into operation.      
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Ethiopia’s Former Deputy PM Demeke Elected as First President of Council of Global Black Center
Feb 24, 2024 1182
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA)The former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Ethiopia, Demeke Mekonnen has been elected today as the first President of the Council of the Global Black Center. The Global Black center (GBC)’s council convened its first meeting here in Addis Ababa and endorsed its organizational constitution that comprises 22 articles.   During the occasion, the Global Black Council's first President Demeke said that Ethiopia being the symbol of freedom, beacon of prosperity, and land of origin deserves to host the GBC. The president stated that it is a humbling responsibility for me and the leadership will take practical steps to operationalize the governing structure of the Global Black center. It is appropriate that we are honoring our commitment to put in place a structure fit for such lofty goals of global importance, Demeke added. “I would like to highlight that the preservation and restoration of African heritage has been given the attention it deserves. Conflicts, lack of due care, and absence of adequate digital technologies are robbing Africans of their heritage,” he noted. Acknowledging education as a key tool to the success of Global Black center’s goals, the former Deputy Prime Minister revealed that “we are fortunate that the center benefits from the active ownership and participation of high-level academicians.” “We should design training programs that could have a multiplier effect across Africa. History in Africa has been a controversial subject within and among countries. Educators must take the responsibility of converging African academicians toward an approach that will help Africans in the continent and the Diaspora,” the president stressed. Furthermore, Demeke hoped that the Global Black Center would emerge as a desirable platform to advance black history, culture, heritage and development. To this end, the president stressed the need for holding an annual conference by bringing together scholars and other dignified personalities. “Therefore, we should organize a colorful Annual Black Conference every year with the participation of many scholars, continental representatives, Head of Governments, International Organizations, dignified personalities and all others that share the purpose and objectives of our center in its Head Quarter, Ethiopia,” he elaborated. According to him, panel discussions, debates, exhibitions, art works and other pertinent matters will be entertained and exhibited in the Annual Black gathering it is anticipated thereby to be a globally flagged legacy of the GBC.    
Reform in Education Will Immensely Support Ethiopia’s Transformation: AAU INT Prez 
Feb 24, 2024 630
Addis Ababa February 24/2024(ENA)The reform underway on education in general and higher education in particular will immensely support Ethiopia’s transformation, Addis Ababa University Interim President Samuel Kifle said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, the interim president noted that Ethiopia has been expanding higher education for decades. But having more institutions is not enough, he said, adding that the country has to make sure that the institutions are well oriented; and this requires to undertake a reform especially in higher education.” Samuel recalled that Addis Ababa University has been designated as the first autonomous university for the country. This will enable the university to focus on its mission and excel in delivering education by undertaking cutting edge researches as well as transforming societies through community engagement services. According to the interim president, institutional transformation is not a onetime intervention and Addis Ababa University will be working on its own by setting standards and become exemplary to the other universities in Ethiopia. Ethiopia, the second most populace nation on the African continent with predominantly youth population is investing in education to make sure that the future depends on knowledge and transformation of the economy, Samuel elaborated. “Reforming education in general and higher education in particular will immensely support Ethiopia’s transformation and make it the beacon of prosperity for Africa.” For the president, the Ethiopian government has been generously supportive to higher education and has remained committed to the success of Addis Ababa University. Addressing the 37th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (AU) held last week, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed noted that education is key for sustainable development and faster growth. “In the last five years, Ethiopia has made significant progress towards universal access to education. We have built over 30,000 kindergarten and primary schools. We are heavily investing in secondary schools and TVETs to ensure quality and skill development as well as meet labor market needs,” he pointed out. Today new technology and innovative learning models can help the continent to leapfrog into the future, the premier said, adding that technology has taken learning beyond the classroom. The Assembly of Heads of State and Government of AU was held under the theme: “Educate an African fit for the 21st Century --- Building Resilient Education Systems for Increased Access to Inclusive, Lifelong, Quality, and Relevant Learning in Africa.” During the opening of the summit, African Union Chairperson Mohamed Ould Ghazouani stressed the need for Africa to create a revolution in its educational systems to achieve the plans and strategies of the continent.
Council Passes Decisions on Various Issues, Refers Bills to Parliament
Feb 24, 2024 631
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA) The Council of Ministers, in its 27th regular session today has discussed various issues and passed decisions, according to the Office of the Prime Minister. Initially, the Council deliberated on the draft regulation of forest development, protection and utilization. This draft regulation has been prepared and presented to the Council of Ministers in order to properly develop, protect and sustainably use Ethiopia’s forest resources. Moreover, the draft regulation would be instrumental to build a climate-resilient economy as well as to introduce carbon trading to the international market system. Following an extensive discussion on the draft regulation, the Council unanimously decided to implement it right after its publication in the Negarit Newspaper. Subsequently, the council discussed the three financial support agreements that have been signed with the International Development Association. These agreements include a loan of 300 million US dollars for the implementation of the digital identification card inclusion and service delivery project. The loan agreements also include some 200 million USD for the implementation of the education and training project, and 90 million USD for the implementation of the business logistics improvement program. After confirming that all loans are interest-free, a 1.25 percent service fee, having a grace period of six years, will be paid off in 38 years and in line with the country's credit management policy, the council referred the draft bill to the House of Peoples' Representative for approval. The council also discussed two financial support agreements signed with the Italian government. The first agreement is a loan of 6.5 million Euros to be allocated for the implementation of the Boye Lake and its surroundings sustainable development project. And the second agreement is a loan of 83.5 million Euros for the execution of the energy sector project, it was indicated. Confirming that the loans are interest-free and it has a grace period of six years to be paid in 30 years, the Council of Ministers has referred the draft to the parliament for approval. The council also discussed a draft regulation to amend the regulations issued to establish the National Animal Health Protection Institute as a development organization. Accordingly, the council unanimously decided to raise the authorized capital of the institute to 2.6 billion Birr, and that the regulation become effective as of its date of publication in the Negarit Gazette. In addition, the council discussed the draft regulations to determine the service fees to be paid for the services provided by the institute of Ethiopian Standards and Federal Documents Authentication and Registration Service. In order to expand the provision and improve the quality of the institutions’ services, the draft regulations have been prepared. The draft is also important to set up a system that will allow the institutions to cover part of the cost of providing services in a manner that takes into account the affordability of the community. The council decided the regulation to be effective by its date of publication in the Negarit Gazette. The council then discussed the draft policy on disaster risk management and cleared for implementation effective from today 24th February 2024. Furthermore, the Council of Ministers rigorously discussed a bill to approve the amendment agreement on the establishment of the Inter-Governmental Development Authority (IGAD). Since it is necessary to strengthen the cooperation between member countries, economic, social, environmental and political integration as well as accelerate cross-border cooperation and facilitate the sustainable development of member countries, the amendment of the IGAD founding agreement was approved by the summit held on June 12, 2023. After the council deliberation on amended IGAD establishment agreement, it referred the bill to the House of Peoples Representative for approval. Another agenda discussed by the Council of Ministers is the bill to approve the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the governments of Ethiopia and Jordan, an agreement on protection of the rights and interests of Ethiopian nationals working in Jordan.The council discussed the agreement in detail and unanimously decided to refer it to the parliament for approval. Finally, the council discussed four draft agreements related to the development of bromine, granite, coal and alluvial gold mines. In this case, the council confirmed that draft agreements are critical to realize the strategy designed in fulfilling the industrial inputs locally, increasing the earning of foreign currency, creating employment opportunities for citizens, and also ensuring that the agreements are compatible with the government's policy direction in terms of environmental protection and community benefit. Eventually, the Council of Ministers decided for the Ministry of Mines to sign the agreements and put them into operation.      
Ethiopia Doing Quite Lot of Connectivity: ITU Regional Director for Africa
Feb 24, 2024 541
Addis Ababa February 24/2024 (ENA) Ethiopia is doing quite a lot in terms of connectivity and practically improving daily in this regard, International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Regional Director for Africa Anne-Rachel Inne said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Inne said Ethiopia is one of the countries in Africa that has opened up its telecom market. “Now we have two operators, Ethio telecom and Safaricom,” she said, adding the ITU is the UN agency and all telecommunication operators, just like mobile network operators, are members. One of the things that the ITU helps countries do in this case, Ethiopia, is to look into what we can help in terms of regulation, policies that are good for the country and good for operators that want to come in the country, according to the director. “Ethiopia is one of the members of ITU, which means as you have seen, it (Ethiopia) is doing quite a lot in terms of connectivity and improving practically daily. This is wonderful.” “We are looking to stay behind Ethiopia to make sure that this is for the benefit of its people,” she elaborated. Moreover, she elaborated that we have been doing quite a lot actually in telecommunications and infrastructure for connectivity on the continent, including Ethiopia. We are in the process of mapping countries to see where the schools are and how they can be connected, she said. Then, we could see if we could supply infrastructure facilities such as fiber and satellites, she said, adding where appropriate, providing trainings to teaches by organizations like UNESCO. “We are hoping for connecting schools, once we map those schools and we look into how we take connectivity to the schools, it will also help us in terms of augmenting the infrastructure in the countries,” she added. She elaborated what we are trying is to make sure that locally, all of the schools are known; then we can tell how to connect them, for example, if we ever end up in another case where people have to stay home that kids will have access to education. She stressed that connectivity not just for the sake of connectivity but for citizens, for young people, adults, for schools, lifelong education, including people with disabilities, we really want everybody to be included. “We are connecting schools; we are also hoping that we will augment the infrastructure for connectivity on the African continent,” she said. Recall that the International Telecommunication Union has launched Digital Transformation Centers (DTC) in Addis Ababa in 2022 with a view to enhancing the digital capacities of citizens in the country. The DTC initiative will also help Ethiopia to enhance the use of digital technology for teaching and learning, administration, research, among others.  
High Interest Rate that Africa Pays Blocking its Development, Says US Economist
Feb 24, 2024 368
Addis Ababa February 24/2024 (ENA)The renowned American economist, Professor Jeffrey Sachs, underscored that the higher interest rate which Africa pays than any other part of the world is blocking its effort for development. The likelihood of interest rates staying high in 2024 and beyond presents unique challenges for many African economies, it was indicated. African countries’ public debt levels have risen significantly in recent years due to the rapidly increase public spending of respective governments to mitigate the effects of multiple global shocks such as Covid-19 and inflation, it was indicated. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Professor Sachs revealed that Africa pays much higher interest rates than any other part of the world. According to him, Africa needs capital, infrastructure, education and natural capital in order to build the continent and get great economic returns. However, the global financing system is not working right, the economist said. “It (Africa) should be the fastest growing region of the whole world, but with the interest rates so high, this is what is really blocking a lot of the continent’s development,” Sachs pointed out. Thus, the renowned economist stressed the need for reforming the international financial architecture that would allow Africa for access to low cost and long term finance. He said: “So the basic idea of global financial reform is to make sure that Africa can access low cost and long term finance so that it can really build the infrastructure for all the modernization that is needed.” The African Union currently expressed its commitment to accelerate the establishment of its own financial institutions to address the existing challenges of the current global financial architecture that does not favor Africa’s transformation and development needs. The push for Africa’s financial institutions is expected to improve Africa’s access to capital, impartial debt management mechanisms, and fair credit and risk assessments. In his capacity at the United Nations, the economist added that he is working on the agenda, pushing hard on other international financial institutions for this financial reform. I was very strongly advocating the African Union as the 21st member of the G-20, he said, adding that now we have a G-21 and we have to push very hard for the financial reform. The economist also criticized the rich countries that have not kept their promises, saying that “they talk a lot but they don't really deliver.” “That's why we need Africa at the negotiating table to say you have to deliver. There were so many promises on climate finance. So many promises are getting the debt structure to make sense. Very little was done.” Noting that the real negotiation is paramount, the renowned American economist stated that now this talk has to end and we need to take action.      
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Ethiopia’s Former Deputy PM Demeke Elected as First President of Council of Global Black Center
Feb 24, 2024 1182
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA)The former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Ethiopia, Demeke Mekonnen has been elected today as the first President of the Council of the Global Black Center. The Global Black center (GBC)’s council convened its first meeting here in Addis Ababa and endorsed its organizational constitution that comprises 22 articles.   During the occasion, the Global Black Council's first President Demeke said that Ethiopia being the symbol of freedom, beacon of prosperity, and land of origin deserves to host the GBC. The president stated that it is a humbling responsibility for me and the leadership will take practical steps to operationalize the governing structure of the Global Black center. It is appropriate that we are honoring our commitment to put in place a structure fit for such lofty goals of global importance, Demeke added. “I would like to highlight that the preservation and restoration of African heritage has been given the attention it deserves. Conflicts, lack of due care, and absence of adequate digital technologies are robbing Africans of their heritage,” he noted. Acknowledging education as a key tool to the success of Global Black center’s goals, the former Deputy Prime Minister revealed that “we are fortunate that the center benefits from the active ownership and participation of high-level academicians.” “We should design training programs that could have a multiplier effect across Africa. History in Africa has been a controversial subject within and among countries. Educators must take the responsibility of converging African academicians toward an approach that will help Africans in the continent and the Diaspora,” the president stressed. Furthermore, Demeke hoped that the Global Black Center would emerge as a desirable platform to advance black history, culture, heritage and development. To this end, the president stressed the need for holding an annual conference by bringing together scholars and other dignified personalities. “Therefore, we should organize a colorful Annual Black Conference every year with the participation of many scholars, continental representatives, Head of Governments, International Organizations, dignified personalities and all others that share the purpose and objectives of our center in its Head Quarter, Ethiopia,” he elaborated. According to him, panel discussions, debates, exhibitions, art works and other pertinent matters will be entertained and exhibited in the Annual Black gathering it is anticipated thereby to be a globally flagged legacy of the GBC.    
Council Passes Decisions on Various Issues, Refers Bills to Parliament
Feb 24, 2024 631
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA) The Council of Ministers, in its 27th regular session today has discussed various issues and passed decisions, according to the Office of the Prime Minister. Initially, the Council deliberated on the draft regulation of forest development, protection and utilization. This draft regulation has been prepared and presented to the Council of Ministers in order to properly develop, protect and sustainably use Ethiopia’s forest resources. Moreover, the draft regulation would be instrumental to build a climate-resilient economy as well as to introduce carbon trading to the international market system. Following an extensive discussion on the draft regulation, the Council unanimously decided to implement it right after its publication in the Negarit Newspaper. Subsequently, the council discussed the three financial support agreements that have been signed with the International Development Association. These agreements include a loan of 300 million US dollars for the implementation of the digital identification card inclusion and service delivery project. The loan agreements also include some 200 million USD for the implementation of the education and training project, and 90 million USD for the implementation of the business logistics improvement program. After confirming that all loans are interest-free, a 1.25 percent service fee, having a grace period of six years, will be paid off in 38 years and in line with the country's credit management policy, the council referred the draft bill to the House of Peoples' Representative for approval. The council also discussed two financial support agreements signed with the Italian government. The first agreement is a loan of 6.5 million Euros to be allocated for the implementation of the Boye Lake and its surroundings sustainable development project. And the second agreement is a loan of 83.5 million Euros for the execution of the energy sector project, it was indicated. Confirming that the loans are interest-free and it has a grace period of six years to be paid in 30 years, the Council of Ministers has referred the draft to the parliament for approval. The council also discussed a draft regulation to amend the regulations issued to establish the National Animal Health Protection Institute as a development organization. Accordingly, the council unanimously decided to raise the authorized capital of the institute to 2.6 billion Birr, and that the regulation become effective as of its date of publication in the Negarit Gazette. In addition, the council discussed the draft regulations to determine the service fees to be paid for the services provided by the institute of Ethiopian Standards and Federal Documents Authentication and Registration Service. In order to expand the provision and improve the quality of the institutions’ services, the draft regulations have been prepared. The draft is also important to set up a system that will allow the institutions to cover part of the cost of providing services in a manner that takes into account the affordability of the community. The council decided the regulation to be effective by its date of publication in the Negarit Gazette. The council then discussed the draft policy on disaster risk management and cleared for implementation effective from today 24th February 2024. Furthermore, the Council of Ministers rigorously discussed a bill to approve the amendment agreement on the establishment of the Inter-Governmental Development Authority (IGAD). Since it is necessary to strengthen the cooperation between member countries, economic, social, environmental and political integration as well as accelerate cross-border cooperation and facilitate the sustainable development of member countries, the amendment of the IGAD founding agreement was approved by the summit held on June 12, 2023. After the council deliberation on amended IGAD establishment agreement, it referred the bill to the House of Peoples Representative for approval. Another agenda discussed by the Council of Ministers is the bill to approve the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the governments of Ethiopia and Jordan, an agreement on protection of the rights and interests of Ethiopian nationals working in Jordan.The council discussed the agreement in detail and unanimously decided to refer it to the parliament for approval. Finally, the council discussed four draft agreements related to the development of bromine, granite, coal and alluvial gold mines. In this case, the council confirmed that draft agreements are critical to realize the strategy designed in fulfilling the industrial inputs locally, increasing the earning of foreign currency, creating employment opportunities for citizens, and also ensuring that the agreements are compatible with the government's policy direction in terms of environmental protection and community benefit. Eventually, the Council of Ministers decided for the Ministry of Mines to sign the agreements and put them into operation.      
Ethiopia's Agreement with Somaliland Pivotal to Africa‘s Security: Ugandan Pan-Africanist 
Feb 23, 2024 980
Addis Ababa, February 23/2024 (ENA) The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) Ethiopia signed with Somaliland is crucial to the security interest of Africa, Ugandan Pan-Africanist, Richard Job Matua said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Matua said that Ethiopia’s initiative will give Africa impetus to embark on its geostrategic security interest. The pan-Africanist added that Ethiopia's military base would contribute its effort for maintaining the security interest of Africa. The deal also fosters Africa's path to regional cooperation and integration in many ways, Matua said. According to him, access to the sea is very important to Ethiopia as it is the fifth largest economy on the continent. “It (the agreement) by itself is pan-Africanism, spirit of brotherhood, cooperation and integration finally. Therefore, it will lead to economic development in Somaliland and Ethiopia, economic development in Horn of Africa and by extension in the whole continent,” the Ugandan pan-Africanist underscored. It is to be recalled that the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) is one of the instruments that Ethiopia has massive potential to utilize from and ensure mutual economic development and growth with all African countries, he stated. He further elaborated that “Ethiopia's establishing a military base will provide power to safeguard geostrategic security interest of Africa. That MoU is very imperative as current day example of African spirit of working together which is integration.” Ethiopians must rally behind the MoU to ensure that the country gets sea ports peacefully, on win-win approach and shared interests and register another round of great victory for Africa, he elaborated. Proponents of the field advocate that Ethiopia's access to sea ports will help the country to exert efforts to maintain peace and security in the Horn region, the Red Sea and beyond, not only for itself, but also for all other neighboring countries.   Ethiopia’s view is always to protect the peace and security of the region and the country contributes not just by words but by deeds and blood.  
Federal Law & Justice Institute Deliberating on Legitimacy of Ethio-Somaliland MoU
Feb 23, 2024 1177
Addis Ababa, February 23/2024(ENA)The Federal Law and Justice Institute said that the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed between Ethiopia and Somaliland is legitimate based on legal grounds and international practices. The workshop held today brought together representatives from Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, House of Peoples' Representatives and House of Federation as well as other legal institutes. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed inked a historic Memorandum of Understanding in Addis Ababa with the President of Somaliland Muse Bihe Abdi on 1st January 2024. The MoU for Partnership and Cooperation, between the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Somaliland, is intended to serve as a framework for the multisectoral partnership between the two sides. Most importantly, the MoU is also believed to pave the way to realize the aspiration of Ethiopia to secure access to the sea, as part of its pursuit of diversifying access to seaports on the Red Sea. In his keynote address to the workshop, Ambassador Degife Bula, Director General for Federal Law and Justice Institute said that Ethiopia’s desire to have access to sea is a legitimate and genuine approach. For him, the MoU is vital to unlocking the Red Sea to Ethiopian economy and ensuring mutual benefits. The director general added that the concerns which some quarters express are in breach of international practices because the MoU enables Ethiopia to pursue its natural quest for ports based on peaceful means, give and take approach, mutual cooperation. Ethiopia’s deal with Somaliland is legitimate and accepted by international norms, the director emphasized.  
Politics
Ethiopia’s Former Deputy PM Demeke Elected as First President of Council of Global Black Center
Feb 24, 2024 1182
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA)The former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Ethiopia, Demeke Mekonnen has been elected today as the first President of the Council of the Global Black Center. The Global Black center (GBC)’s council convened its first meeting here in Addis Ababa and endorsed its organizational constitution that comprises 22 articles.   During the occasion, the Global Black Council's first President Demeke said that Ethiopia being the symbol of freedom, beacon of prosperity, and land of origin deserves to host the GBC. The president stated that it is a humbling responsibility for me and the leadership will take practical steps to operationalize the governing structure of the Global Black center. It is appropriate that we are honoring our commitment to put in place a structure fit for such lofty goals of global importance, Demeke added. “I would like to highlight that the preservation and restoration of African heritage has been given the attention it deserves. Conflicts, lack of due care, and absence of adequate digital technologies are robbing Africans of their heritage,” he noted. Acknowledging education as a key tool to the success of Global Black center’s goals, the former Deputy Prime Minister revealed that “we are fortunate that the center benefits from the active ownership and participation of high-level academicians.” “We should design training programs that could have a multiplier effect across Africa. History in Africa has been a controversial subject within and among countries. Educators must take the responsibility of converging African academicians toward an approach that will help Africans in the continent and the Diaspora,” the president stressed. Furthermore, Demeke hoped that the Global Black Center would emerge as a desirable platform to advance black history, culture, heritage and development. To this end, the president stressed the need for holding an annual conference by bringing together scholars and other dignified personalities. “Therefore, we should organize a colorful Annual Black Conference every year with the participation of many scholars, continental representatives, Head of Governments, International Organizations, dignified personalities and all others that share the purpose and objectives of our center in its Head Quarter, Ethiopia,” he elaborated. According to him, panel discussions, debates, exhibitions, art works and other pertinent matters will be entertained and exhibited in the Annual Black gathering it is anticipated thereby to be a globally flagged legacy of the GBC.    
Council Passes Decisions on Various Issues, Refers Bills to Parliament
Feb 24, 2024 631
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA) The Council of Ministers, in its 27th regular session today has discussed various issues and passed decisions, according to the Office of the Prime Minister. Initially, the Council deliberated on the draft regulation of forest development, protection and utilization. This draft regulation has been prepared and presented to the Council of Ministers in order to properly develop, protect and sustainably use Ethiopia’s forest resources. Moreover, the draft regulation would be instrumental to build a climate-resilient economy as well as to introduce carbon trading to the international market system. Following an extensive discussion on the draft regulation, the Council unanimously decided to implement it right after its publication in the Negarit Newspaper. Subsequently, the council discussed the three financial support agreements that have been signed with the International Development Association. These agreements include a loan of 300 million US dollars for the implementation of the digital identification card inclusion and service delivery project. The loan agreements also include some 200 million USD for the implementation of the education and training project, and 90 million USD for the implementation of the business logistics improvement program. After confirming that all loans are interest-free, a 1.25 percent service fee, having a grace period of six years, will be paid off in 38 years and in line with the country's credit management policy, the council referred the draft bill to the House of Peoples' Representative for approval. The council also discussed two financial support agreements signed with the Italian government. The first agreement is a loan of 6.5 million Euros to be allocated for the implementation of the Boye Lake and its surroundings sustainable development project. And the second agreement is a loan of 83.5 million Euros for the execution of the energy sector project, it was indicated. Confirming that the loans are interest-free and it has a grace period of six years to be paid in 30 years, the Council of Ministers has referred the draft to the parliament for approval. The council also discussed a draft regulation to amend the regulations issued to establish the National Animal Health Protection Institute as a development organization. Accordingly, the council unanimously decided to raise the authorized capital of the institute to 2.6 billion Birr, and that the regulation become effective as of its date of publication in the Negarit Gazette. In addition, the council discussed the draft regulations to determine the service fees to be paid for the services provided by the institute of Ethiopian Standards and Federal Documents Authentication and Registration Service. In order to expand the provision and improve the quality of the institutions’ services, the draft regulations have been prepared. The draft is also important to set up a system that will allow the institutions to cover part of the cost of providing services in a manner that takes into account the affordability of the community. The council decided the regulation to be effective by its date of publication in the Negarit Gazette. The council then discussed the draft policy on disaster risk management and cleared for implementation effective from today 24th February 2024. Furthermore, the Council of Ministers rigorously discussed a bill to approve the amendment agreement on the establishment of the Inter-Governmental Development Authority (IGAD). Since it is necessary to strengthen the cooperation between member countries, economic, social, environmental and political integration as well as accelerate cross-border cooperation and facilitate the sustainable development of member countries, the amendment of the IGAD founding agreement was approved by the summit held on June 12, 2023. After the council deliberation on amended IGAD establishment agreement, it referred the bill to the House of Peoples Representative for approval. Another agenda discussed by the Council of Ministers is the bill to approve the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the governments of Ethiopia and Jordan, an agreement on protection of the rights and interests of Ethiopian nationals working in Jordan.The council discussed the agreement in detail and unanimously decided to refer it to the parliament for approval. Finally, the council discussed four draft agreements related to the development of bromine, granite, coal and alluvial gold mines. In this case, the council confirmed that draft agreements are critical to realize the strategy designed in fulfilling the industrial inputs locally, increasing the earning of foreign currency, creating employment opportunities for citizens, and also ensuring that the agreements are compatible with the government's policy direction in terms of environmental protection and community benefit. Eventually, the Council of Ministers decided for the Ministry of Mines to sign the agreements and put them into operation.      
Ethiopia's Agreement with Somaliland Pivotal to Africa‘s Security: Ugandan Pan-Africanist 
Feb 23, 2024 980
Addis Ababa, February 23/2024 (ENA) The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) Ethiopia signed with Somaliland is crucial to the security interest of Africa, Ugandan Pan-Africanist, Richard Job Matua said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Matua said that Ethiopia’s initiative will give Africa impetus to embark on its geostrategic security interest. The pan-Africanist added that Ethiopia's military base would contribute its effort for maintaining the security interest of Africa. The deal also fosters Africa's path to regional cooperation and integration in many ways, Matua said. According to him, access to the sea is very important to Ethiopia as it is the fifth largest economy on the continent. “It (the agreement) by itself is pan-Africanism, spirit of brotherhood, cooperation and integration finally. Therefore, it will lead to economic development in Somaliland and Ethiopia, economic development in Horn of Africa and by extension in the whole continent,” the Ugandan pan-Africanist underscored. It is to be recalled that the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) is one of the instruments that Ethiopia has massive potential to utilize from and ensure mutual economic development and growth with all African countries, he stated. He further elaborated that “Ethiopia's establishing a military base will provide power to safeguard geostrategic security interest of Africa. That MoU is very imperative as current day example of African spirit of working together which is integration.” Ethiopians must rally behind the MoU to ensure that the country gets sea ports peacefully, on win-win approach and shared interests and register another round of great victory for Africa, he elaborated. Proponents of the field advocate that Ethiopia's access to sea ports will help the country to exert efforts to maintain peace and security in the Horn region, the Red Sea and beyond, not only for itself, but also for all other neighboring countries.   Ethiopia’s view is always to protect the peace and security of the region and the country contributes not just by words but by deeds and blood.  
Federal Law & Justice Institute Deliberating on Legitimacy of Ethio-Somaliland MoU
Feb 23, 2024 1177
Addis Ababa, February 23/2024(ENA)The Federal Law and Justice Institute said that the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed between Ethiopia and Somaliland is legitimate based on legal grounds and international practices. The workshop held today brought together representatives from Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, House of Peoples' Representatives and House of Federation as well as other legal institutes. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed inked a historic Memorandum of Understanding in Addis Ababa with the President of Somaliland Muse Bihe Abdi on 1st January 2024. The MoU for Partnership and Cooperation, between the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Somaliland, is intended to serve as a framework for the multisectoral partnership between the two sides. Most importantly, the MoU is also believed to pave the way to realize the aspiration of Ethiopia to secure access to the sea, as part of its pursuit of diversifying access to seaports on the Red Sea. In his keynote address to the workshop, Ambassador Degife Bula, Director General for Federal Law and Justice Institute said that Ethiopia’s desire to have access to sea is a legitimate and genuine approach. For him, the MoU is vital to unlocking the Red Sea to Ethiopian economy and ensuring mutual benefits. The director general added that the concerns which some quarters express are in breach of international practices because the MoU enables Ethiopia to pursue its natural quest for ports based on peaceful means, give and take approach, mutual cooperation. Ethiopia’s deal with Somaliland is legitimate and accepted by international norms, the director emphasized.  
Social
Experts Hail Ethiopia's Enduring Archives, Library Service on its 80 Year Anniversary
Feb 25, 2024 453
Addis Ababa, February 24/2024(ENA) On its 80 year anniversary experts hailed the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service as a treasure trove of national wealth and knowledge, holding a legacy that spans generations. Marking the occasion, the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service inaugurated a new 17-storey building to expand its services. There are also efforts to digitize its services. Highlighting its lifelong connection with the people, Oxford University Language, History and Literature Researcher, Girma Getahun reminisced about his childhood association with the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service.   Although Girma has left Ethiopia several years ago, he explained his continued reliance on the resources of the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service, acknowledging its unwavering role in nurturing his journey of seeking knowledge. Emeritus University Biology Professor, Shibru Tedla emphasized the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service’s immense value as a knowledge repository for researchers and young people.   The professor urged expanding accessibility by collecting archives and documents from across Ethiopia. The classic institution has also been preserving diverse heritages in the country, including in the music sector. Ethiopian Music Sector Association President, Dawit Yifru highlighted the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service’s critical role in documenting and preserving Ethiopia's artistic heritage, including contemporary music, for future generations and research.   Priest Fikade Bishaw, a writer dedicated to transmitting indigenous knowledge to generations commended that Ethiopian Archives and Library Service for safeguarding diverse national resources that will certainly enrich future generations.   Similarly, Islamic Manuscripts Guide, Abdelrasi Haji Mohammed Amin lauded the Ethiopian Archives and Library Service for its dedication to documenting Islamic historical heritages.   Abdelrasi emphasized the importance of ongoing efforts to digitize these resources to ensuring wider accessibility. The institution's anniversary not only commemorates its past achievements but also underscores commitment to expanding access and safeguarding diverse knowledge for future generations. The new building symbolizes this ongoing mission, ensuring that this vital institution continues to serve as a beacon of knowledge and cultural heritage for Ethiopia.        
Reform in Education Will Immensely Support Ethiopia’s Transformation: AAU INT Prez 
Feb 24, 2024 630
Addis Ababa February 24/2024(ENA)The reform underway on education in general and higher education in particular will immensely support Ethiopia’s transformation, Addis Ababa University Interim President Samuel Kifle said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, the interim president noted that Ethiopia has been expanding higher education for decades. But having more institutions is not enough, he said, adding that the country has to make sure that the institutions are well oriented; and this requires to undertake a reform especially in higher education.” Samuel recalled that Addis Ababa University has been designated as the first autonomous university for the country. This will enable the university to focus on its mission and excel in delivering education by undertaking cutting edge researches as well as transforming societies through community engagement services. According to the interim president, institutional transformation is not a onetime intervention and Addis Ababa University will be working on its own by setting standards and become exemplary to the other universities in Ethiopia. Ethiopia, the second most populace nation on the African continent with predominantly youth population is investing in education to make sure that the future depends on knowledge and transformation of the economy, Samuel elaborated. “Reforming education in general and higher education in particular will immensely support Ethiopia’s transformation and make it the beacon of prosperity for Africa.” For the president, the Ethiopian government has been generously supportive to higher education and has remained committed to the success of Addis Ababa University. Addressing the 37th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (AU) held last week, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed noted that education is key for sustainable development and faster growth. “In the last five years, Ethiopia has made significant progress towards universal access to education. We have built over 30,000 kindergarten and primary schools. We are heavily investing in secondary schools and TVETs to ensure quality and skill development as well as meet labor market needs,” he pointed out. Today new technology and innovative learning models can help the continent to leapfrog into the future, the premier said, adding that technology has taken learning beyond the classroom. The Assembly of Heads of State and Government of AU was held under the theme: “Educate an African fit for the 21st Century --- Building Resilient Education Systems for Increased Access to Inclusive, Lifelong, Quality, and Relevant Learning in Africa.” During the opening of the summit, African Union Chairperson Mohamed Ould Ghazouani stressed the need for Africa to create a revolution in its educational systems to achieve the plans and strategies of the continent.
Economy
High Interest Rate that Africa Pays Blocking its Development, Says US Economist
Feb 24, 2024 368
Addis Ababa February 24/2024 (ENA)The renowned American economist, Professor Jeffrey Sachs, underscored that the higher interest rate which Africa pays than any other part of the world is blocking its effort for development. The likelihood of interest rates staying high in 2024 and beyond presents unique challenges for many African economies, it was indicated. African countries’ public debt levels have risen significantly in recent years due to the rapidly increase public spending of respective governments to mitigate the effects of multiple global shocks such as Covid-19 and inflation, it was indicated. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Professor Sachs revealed that Africa pays much higher interest rates than any other part of the world. According to him, Africa needs capital, infrastructure, education and natural capital in order to build the continent and get great economic returns. However, the global financing system is not working right, the economist said. “It (Africa) should be the fastest growing region of the whole world, but with the interest rates so high, this is what is really blocking a lot of the continent’s development,” Sachs pointed out. Thus, the renowned economist stressed the need for reforming the international financial architecture that would allow Africa for access to low cost and long term finance. He said: “So the basic idea of global financial reform is to make sure that Africa can access low cost and long term finance so that it can really build the infrastructure for all the modernization that is needed.” The African Union currently expressed its commitment to accelerate the establishment of its own financial institutions to address the existing challenges of the current global financial architecture that does not favor Africa’s transformation and development needs. The push for Africa’s financial institutions is expected to improve Africa’s access to capital, impartial debt management mechanisms, and fair credit and risk assessments. In his capacity at the United Nations, the economist added that he is working on the agenda, pushing hard on other international financial institutions for this financial reform. I was very strongly advocating the African Union as the 21st member of the G-20, he said, adding that now we have a G-21 and we have to push very hard for the financial reform. The economist also criticized the rich countries that have not kept their promises, saying that “they talk a lot but they don't really deliver.” “That's why we need Africa at the negotiating table to say you have to deliver. There were so many promises on climate finance. So many promises are getting the debt structure to make sense. Very little was done.” Noting that the real negotiation is paramount, the renowned American economist stated that now this talk has to end and we need to take action.      
CGIAR Supporting Ethiopia's Agriculture, Livestock Dev’t Through Research 
Feb 23, 2024 451
Addis Ababa, February 23/2024(ENA) The Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers (CGIAR) is working in Ethiopia to help the country leverage its livestock and agricultural resources for economic development. CGIAR is a global partnership that unites international organizations engaged in research about food security and its research aims to reduce rural poverty, increase food security, improve human health and nutrition, and sustainable management of natural resources. Researches indicate that Ethiopia has the potential to ensure its food security and make a difference in agriculture by properly exploiting the untapped potential of the sector. The government of Ethiopia, under its Home Grown Economy Agenda, has been implementing a number of programs in this regard with a view to enabling the country properly exploit its potentials to improve the sector as most of the country’s huge arable land has not yet been cultivated. The efforts so far carried out have been showing remarkable achievements in terms of agricultural productivity as witnessed in wheat irrigation endeavors. In an exclusive interview with ENA, CGIAR’s Regional Director, East and Southern Africa, Namukolo Covic told ENA that the center is supporting Ethiopia’s agricultural development in particularly in research. "We have several CGIAR research institutions that response to many government strategies.We work across the entire agriculture fields; in crops like maize, wheat, potatoes, vegetables, we also work on livestock," she added. There are a number of priority areas; the first priority area is on genetic improvement on both crops and livestock through the breeding activities, according to Covic. So, then production practices come on board for livestock, she noted stressing the need to bring on board good quality feed, but we also have to address issue of disease. For crops, it is the same thing, the genetics might give us the potential for higher productivity but if we're not using proper production practices, good land management, soil facility management, then we are not going to be able to attain those potentials. “So, our work focuses on these things, increase productivity and production through genetics improvement and also through production practices that allow us to leverage that genetic potential,” the Regional Director said. She stated that as a result, CGIAR looks at the country's ten-year prospective development plan (2021–2030) to guide the kind of research it conducts and ensure that any solutions it produces are pertinent to the goal of national development. In terms of green legacy initiative, Covic said "I personally find it to be a very useful directive from government." “As climate is changing, one of the ways in which Ethiopia can contribute to addressing climate change for better soil health through the green legacy program. So, by planting more trees we can help to reduce even greenhouse gas emissions, it helps us manage soil better, we can reduce soil erosion that damages the land.” The recent developments in Ethiopia in terms of developing a Food Systems Transformation pathway and roadmap and food based dietary guidelines provide an entry point to really transform Ethiopia's agricultural food system in such a way that it can deliver better for diets and nutrition, Covic said. Through the national research system, ministry of agriculture, Agriculture Transformation Agenct (ATI), the research we have done find fertile ground through which we can reach greater high, she said. CGIAR is a global partnership that unites international organizations engaged in research about food security. CGIAR research aims to reduce rural poverty, increase food security, improve human health and nutrition, and sustainable management of natural resources.  
UNDP Considering Ethiopia to Host Timbuktoo Initiative Hub
Feb 22, 2024 651
Addis Ababa February 22/2024 (ENA) Ethiopia is one of the countries that will be seriously considered to host the Timbuktoo initiative hub, a giant scheme with a determined mission of creating a Pan-African startup ecosystem, according to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). In an exclusive interview with ENA, UNDP Regional Bureau for Africa Director Ahunna Eziakonwa said that Ethiopia has a tremendous potential in innovation and entrepreneurship that would catalyze startups business. UNDP launched on 17th January 2024 the bold and ambitious Timbuktoo initiative together with African countries at a special session of the World Economic Forum held in Davos, Switzerland. The initiative is aimed at mobilizing one billion USD to transform 100 million livelihoods and create 10 million jobs, it was learned. Noting that Timbuktoo is a big initiative to boost the startup ecosystem in Africa, Eziakonwa said that Ethiopia is conducive for the advancement of enterprising and entrepreneurship among its youths. Therefore, “Ethiopia will be one of the countries that will seriously consider hosting the project.” According to her, UNDP is investing in Ethiopian universities to create space for young people to incubate their ideas and be able to actually influence sustainable development. “You have a lot of engineers here graduating out of the universities but not enough jobs for them. So we want to make sure that we create opportunities for these young people who are already skilled to be able to actually become employers themselves to be job creators, not just job seekers.” Eziakonwa added that UNDP here is very robust in Ethiopia, and it has been working with the Government of Ethiopia in many spheres.        
ESL Striving to Make Ethiopia East Africa's Leading Shipping, Logistics Service Provider
Feb 22, 2024 497
Addis Ababa, February 22/2024 (ENA) A real capacity that makes Ethiopia a leading country in shipping and logistics services in East Africa is being created, according to Ethiopian Shipping and Logistics Enterprise (ESL). Ethiopian Shipping and Logistics Enterprise CEO, Beriso Amelo, told ENA that the enterprise has generated over 27 billion Birr revenue by transporting 400,000 tons of goods during the past six months. According to him, the enterprise has been carrying out a reform that takes into account the nation's economic growth and the growing demand of the people. This has yielded tangible outcomes, he stated, adding that the enterprise exceeded its plan to raise 17 billion Birr revenue by a significant margin and netted 3.2 billion Birr profit. The CEO has acknowledged the government's special attention to the advancement of the enterprise over the past five years. Seizing this opportunity we are working to make Ethiopia own the largest logistics service provider in East Africa, Beriso stated. As a result, effective expansion of Ethiopia's shipping transport and logistics destinations as well as building customer base have been underway. The performance of the Ethiopian Shipping and Logistics Enterprise over the past six months shows not only its active involvement in the country's development but also the commitment to contribute to national goals through provision of efficient services. Moreover, Beriso pointed out the wide range of investment opportunities in shipping and logistics for those interested in the sector.      
Videos
Technology
Ethiopia Doing Quite Lot of Connectivity: ITU Regional Director for Africa
Feb 24, 2024 541
Addis Ababa February 24/2024 (ENA) Ethiopia is doing quite a lot in terms of connectivity and practically improving daily in this regard, International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Regional Director for Africa Anne-Rachel Inne said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Inne said Ethiopia is one of the countries in Africa that has opened up its telecom market. “Now we have two operators, Ethio telecom and Safaricom,” she said, adding the ITU is the UN agency and all telecommunication operators, just like mobile network operators, are members. One of the things that the ITU helps countries do in this case, Ethiopia, is to look into what we can help in terms of regulation, policies that are good for the country and good for operators that want to come in the country, according to the director. “Ethiopia is one of the members of ITU, which means as you have seen, it (Ethiopia) is doing quite a lot in terms of connectivity and improving practically daily. This is wonderful.” “We are looking to stay behind Ethiopia to make sure that this is for the benefit of its people,” she elaborated. Moreover, she elaborated that we have been doing quite a lot actually in telecommunications and infrastructure for connectivity on the continent, including Ethiopia. We are in the process of mapping countries to see where the schools are and how they can be connected, she said. Then, we could see if we could supply infrastructure facilities such as fiber and satellites, she said, adding where appropriate, providing trainings to teaches by organizations like UNESCO. “We are hoping for connecting schools, once we map those schools and we look into how we take connectivity to the schools, it will also help us in terms of augmenting the infrastructure in the countries,” she added. She elaborated what we are trying is to make sure that locally, all of the schools are known; then we can tell how to connect them, for example, if we ever end up in another case where people have to stay home that kids will have access to education. She stressed that connectivity not just for the sake of connectivity but for citizens, for young people, adults, for schools, lifelong education, including people with disabilities, we really want everybody to be included. “We are connecting schools; we are also hoping that we will augment the infrastructure for connectivity on the African continent,” she said. Recall that the International Telecommunication Union has launched Digital Transformation Centers (DTC) in Addis Ababa in 2022 with a view to enhancing the digital capacities of citizens in the country. The DTC initiative will also help Ethiopia to enhance the use of digital technology for teaching and learning, administration, research, among others.  
New Data Science Project Launched to Transform Africa's Data Landscape  
Feb 20, 2024 1149
Addis Ababa February 20 /2024 (ENA) The African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) has launched today a new data project titled ‘Data Science Without Borders’ (DSWB), with the objective to transform Africa’s data landscape. The three-year project, launched at a ceremony held at the Africa Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Addis Ababa, seeks to make a significant impact by bridging data gaps, strengthening data systems, and enhancing collaboration for data-driven decision-making in Africa. The Wellcome Trust will provide funding for a project worth 5 million USD that is expected to improve reuse and use of data science techniques in Ethiopia, Senegal, and Cameroon, with plans to expand to other member nations of the African Union. The project focuses on developing and improving data analytics skills using robust artificial intelligence tools and capacity building of national teams on machine learning. Speaking at the event, the DSWB Project Lead and Head of Data Science Program, Agnes Kiragga said this launch marks the initiation of a collaborative journey aimed at empowering stakeholders and paving the way for a successful and impactful data science initiative. “This initiative is cognizant of the barriers to effective democratic artificial intelligence and machine learning including lack of data, inadequate data collection infrastructure, limited processes to support data access, including challenges in data collection regulations, storage infrastructure, financial barriers, and lack of data scientists with domain expertise, especially in the resource-limited nations across sub Saharan Africa (SSA).” Moreover, the project developed to strengthen data systems in African health institutions will develop a federated no-code platform for deploying machine learning models used by actors in the selected countries, and create a sustainable environment for a collaborative, replicable, and transferable application of data science tools. “By understanding partner countries' unique challenges and opportunities, we strive to ensure that the DSWB project makes a lasting and positive contribution to the field of data science,” she elaborated. Head of Data Synergy and Evaluations at APHRC, Damazo Kadengye said on his part this project lays a foundation for us to contribute to the building of data systems across African continent.Moreover, it will create opportunities on how we can connect with the governments, especially in supporting them to improve data systems across the continent. “It is very important because it helps us inform policy and planning using evidence that we generate through this project as it is also aligned with AU data policy framework," the head stated. The collaborative project housed under APHRC‘s Data Science Program is being conducted with other implementing partner organizations: The Alan Turing Institute, Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), the Institute for Health Research, Epidemiological Surveillance and Training (IRESSEF), Douala General Hospital, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), and the Committee on Data (CODATA). The African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) is a premier research-to-policy institution, generating evidence, strengthening research and related capacity in the African research and development ecosystem, and engaging policy to inform action on health and development. The Center is Africa-based and African-led, with its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya, and a West Africa Regional Office in Dakar, Senegal.
Zambia Desirous of Taking Lessons from Ethiopia’s Telecom Sector: Minister of Technology & Science
Feb 18, 2024 1424
Addis Ababa, February 18/2024 (ENA) Zambia is interested to learn from the successful and advanced technologies of Ethiopia, particularly from the telecommunication sector, Zambia's Technology and Science Minister Felix Mutati said. In an exclusive interview with ENA, Mutati said that his country is keen to draw experiences from Ethiopia’s success stories in the telecommunication sector and replicate it. “Ethiopia has advanced quite a bit in technology; particularly in the telecommunication infrastructure. It is ahead of us, Zambia. So my key interest coming to Ethiopia is to learn, appreciate, and not reinvent the wheel. What is it that is brand new that Ethiopians move ahead faster than us? So I will be engaging with my colleagues here that we can compare with us,” he elaborated. African countries need to share experience and knowledge amongst each other, he stated, and stressed that it is key towards ascertaining a united and stronger Africa through partnership and cooperation. “This should be the way that Africa should work in partnership and collaboration, sharing opportunities, knowledge and experience,” the minister of technology and science noted. Moreover, he pointed out that Ethiopia and Zambia can also cooperate in the tourism sector where his country is ready to share its experience. According to him, Zambia’s tourism is booming over the last couple of years due to the measures taken by the government including the removal of visa requirement, upgrading of tourism infrastructure, and expansion of tourist destinations. Ethiopia has various tourist destinations and by addressing the challenges facing the sector, the country can unleash its potential, the minister added.  
African Nations Should Revisit Policies, Strategies to Expedite Digital Transformation
Feb 17, 2024 980
Addis Ababa February 17/2024 (ENA) The Chief Executive Officer of Ethio Telecom Frehiwot Tamiru stressed the need for African countries to revisit their policies and strategies with a view to creating suitable environment to expedite digital transformation in the continent. Ethiopia has organized a high-level side event at the 37th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Heads of State and Government of the African Union to highlight the critical role of digital innovations in promoting inclusive and sustainable development in Africa.   President Sahile-Work Zewde delivered opening remarks at the event, which was held at the Adwa Science Museum under the theme, "Harnessing Digitization for Africa's Transformation." President Sahle-Work Zewde said that accelerating digital transformation is crucial to ensure inclusive and sustainable development in Africa. Speeding up digitalization is convenient for dealing with pressures and providing quick solutions for problems, she noted, adding that the expansion of digitalization will play a significant role in creating the prosperous Africa we want in 2063. She mentioned Ethiopia's digital transformation in various sectors, including finance, telecommunications, and artificial intelligence, and advocated for a continental transformation in accordance with Agenda 2063. The event drew together stakeholders and leaders from various African countries and financial sectors.   In her presentation at the discussion forum, Ethio telecom CEO said African countries should have a policy which is attractive and flexible to encourage new ideas,, innovators, investors that can adequately support the ecosystem. She stressed the need to ensuring technology inclusiveness in order to build better future in a sustainable manner. The CEO said currently there are 1.4 billion mobile telephone subscribers that is expected to reach 1.7 billion by the year 2030. “Africa holds the largest mobile market in terms of registered account and transaction volume.. Today we have around 781 million registered mobile money accounts. We need to leverage these mobile user bases to promote trade integration and enhance Africa’s digital transformation:” The CEO has also emphasized the possibility of building Africa’s digital economy by using the mobile money users’ base that we have today.   Professor Landry Signé, a senior fellow in the Global Economy and Development Program and the Africa Growth Initiative at the Brookings Institution, said for his part that digital transformation help Africa become a global powerhouse in terms of economic growth, job creation and poverty reduction as well as enhancing financial, healthcare and education services. He underlined the importance of investing more in primery and secondary education in order to build critical thinking, digital skills, STEM skills in order to help bring economic development.
Sport
Great Ethiopian Run Instrumental to Promote Tourism, Investment : World Figure Athletes
Nov 20, 2023 10434
Addis Ababa ,November 20/2023(ENA)፦ The Great Ethiopian Run 2023, held in the vibrant capital of Addis Ababa on November 19, 2023, drawing over 45,000 participants, was a beacon of athletic excellence, economic empowerment, and international camaraderie, legendary World athletics figures and an ambassador stated. Sunday's race, which attracted participants from several countries and international institutions, garnered praise from prominent figures in the world of sports and diplomacy, highlighting its multifaceted impact on Ethiopia and beyond. Ethiopian athletics legend Haile Gebreselasie hailed the Great Ethiopian Run which attracts people from all walks of life as a crucial catalyst for the growth and development of athletics and the economy in Ethiopia. According to him, many Ethiopians, embassies, NGOs, and people from other international institutions participated in the race. "The event attracts investment for our country. When over 45,000 people run here, it shows how Ethiopia is capable to organizing such a race in Addis Ababa and also attracts foreigners to run or visit as tourists," Haile said. "But I see its importance more in relation to the athletes. We will use the race to develop our athletics,” he underscored. Thus, the Great Ethiopian Run is a lifeline for athletics, tourism, investment, and the economy in Ethiopia, he stressed. Haile believes the Great Ethiopian Run in collaboration with government institutions have the capabilities to organize world-class athletics events. "We are perfect organizers. We can host global athletics events." British TV commentator on athletics Tim Hutchings, impressed by the professional organization and scale of the event, echoed Haile's sentiments on its importance to athletics in the country and beyond.   “I cannot believe how big it is. It is huge, it is very big, and it is well organized, great racing. I love it. I am learning so much," Hutchings said. "And I love Addis. I cannot believe what a great city it is.” He recommended African countries to take a lesson on how to organize such big athletics events successfully. “The quality of organization shows Africa how to put on a race. Other countries should be watching this and learning.” He noted that “for the athletes it is great. Many young athletes can come here and get a chance to be special...It is wonderful that you can find new names in this race.” The winner of the men's 10KM is, for instance, a new name who needs professional coach, manager and sponsor to flourish, and this race has helped him be known, he pointed out. South African long-distance runner Elana Meyer, who was a guest, commended its role in promoting athletics and economic development.   “I enjoyed watching the elite race. It is the biggest in the world. To see 200 women, 200 men starting in the elite race is very difficult,” she said. “It is a very impressive race to see such a strong elite field but then 45,000 participants that came out today to celebrate for Ethiopia. It is unbelievable. I have never been to an event like this and to witness it in my own continent is very special.” People from all over the world should come to experience the race in Ethiopia, the heart of Africa’s run, she noted. “This is absolutely world-class event and people all over the world should come and run it because almost the heart of Africa of running is in East Africa.” She added that the story of this race and Ethiopia have to be told to the world accurately to attract foreign participants and tourists. “Not enough people around the world know about this race because in South Africa I did not realize how big this race was.” Ethiopia is almost where the best runners in the world came from, she stressed. “To attract more people, you need to tell the story.” Italian Ambassador to Ethiopia Agostino Palese, who participated in the race, said the event show marvelous events that align with global issues can be organized in Ethiopia.   “It is a good event that could show that in Ethiopia you could organize marvelous events that could cooperate with any event in the rest of the world. It is a very nice day. A lot of people enjoyed a nice race.” The ambassador observed that the race is crucial for Ethiopia’s image, economy, and tourism. “It is a good image for Ethiopia…it is nice even for the economy, for tourism, and for attracting people to Ethiopia,” he added. Besides its sport benefits, the race is a catalyst for economic development and international cooperation.  
Thousands Gather for Great Ethiopian Run in Addis Ababa 
Nov 19, 2023 14092
Addis Ababa ,November 19/2023(ENA)-Tens of thousands of people have gathered at Meskel Square in Addis Ababa today for the 10-kilometre Great Ethiopian Run, the largest road race in Africa. Today, the streets of the capital city are filled with the energy and excitement of the Great Ethiopian Run which started early morning and attracted more than 45,000 participants from Ethiopia, Africa and all over the world.   The runners, including elite athletes, recreational runners, and walkers, made their way through the city's vibrant asphalt streets, cheered on by thousands of spectators. This year's race is particularly significant as it marks the 23rd anniversary of the Great Ethiopian Run. The event was founded in 2001 by renowned world-class Ethiopian Athlete Haile Gebrselassie to promote running as a healthy and accessible activity for all Ethiopians. The Great Ethiopian Run has since grown to become a global phenomenon, attracting participants from many countries. It is also a major economic boost for Addis Ababa and the country generating millions of dollars in revenue each year. The Great Ethiopian Run is more than just a race; it is a celebration of Ethiopian culture and unity. It has been contributing a lot in maintaining and promoting peace and unity among Ethiopians.   The event brings together people from all walks of life to share a common goal: to finish the race and celebrate the joy of running. As the runners crossed the finish line today, they were greeted with cheers and applause from the crowd. The atmosphere was one of pure joy and celebration. The Great Ethiopian Run is a testament to the power of sport to unite people and promote positive change.  
Environment
IGAD Climate Centre Predicts Higher Probability of Wetter Than Normal Conditions in Horn Region
Feb 21, 2024 629
Addis Ababa February 21/2024 The IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC) has predicted that there will be a higher probability of wetter-than-normal conditions in the upcoming March to May 2024, across most parts of the Greater Horn of Africa. In its press release sent to ENA, ICPAC said that notably, the areas expected to experience these wetter conditions include Kenya, Somalia, southern Ethiopia, South Sudan, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, and north-western Tanzania. The highest probabilities for wetter than usual conditions are indicated in central to western Kenya and in the cross-border areas of Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda. The expected enhanced rainfall is likely to positively impact agriculture, water resources, and overall livelihoods, according to the center. The press release also added that an early to normal rainfall onset is expected in several parts of the region. These include parts of northern Tanzania, eastern Rwanda, Southern and Western Uganda, Western Kenya, South-western Somalia, and parts of South-central Ethiopia. " Due to the increased rainfall recorded in the October to December 2023 period, along with the forecast of wetter-than-normal conditions from March to May, there is an elevated risk of flooding in areas prone to floods,” the ICPAC director Dr. Guleid Artan noted. The director added the forecast underscores the urgency for coordinated action and preparedness, emphasizing the need for proactive measures to mitigate potential impacts and capitalize on the opportunities presented by the forecast rainfall.   He also stressed the need for uniting in our commitment to leveraging climate information for resilient and sustainable development across our region. Artan further added that, “while the food security situation may improve with wetter than usual conditions, it is important to remember the multiple challenges faced by the region, including the historic 2020-2022 drought, conflict in various parts of the region such as Sudan, and the El Nino-induced floods at the end of 2023. This has weakened communities’ coping capacity, making them highly susceptible to food insecurity. The likelihood of flooding during the 2024 MAM season in parts of the region could lead to a deterioration in food security in localized areas.” The objective temperature forecast indicates an increased likelihood of warmer than normal surface temperatures over the entire region. Probabilities for warmer than normal temperatures are most enhanced over Sudan, northern South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia and southern parts of Tanzania. In line with the World Meteorological Organization's guidelines and recommendations, ICPAC has adopted an objective seasonal forecast method to generate climate forecasts for the Greater Horn of Africa. February 2024 initialized seasonal forecasts from nine Global Producing Centres (GPCs) were utilized and processed using three calibration techniques to develop the MAM 2024 seasonal climate outlook.  
Ethiopia Good Example in Africa on Tree Planting, Says UNEP Executive Director 
Feb 20, 2024 922
Addis Ababa February 20 /2024 (ENA) Ethiopia is a good example in Africa where big push forward has been seen on tree planting, UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Executive Director Inger Andersen said. The UNEP Executive Director, who participated at the 37th Ordinary Summit of AU, told ENA that Ethiopia has been planting billions of trees that will fix the soil and create greater nutrients in it as a crucial and pragmatic response to mitigate the climate catastrophe in the country and beyond. The Green Legacy Initiative (GLI) being implemented in Ethiopia was launched by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in June 2019, and has so far planted over 32.5 billion tree seedlings. So, Andersen stated that if “we take, for example Ethiopia where a big push forward has been on tree planting. This is very interesting. It'll fix the soil and create greater nutrients in the soil. It'll also prevent landslides and get greater water absorption.” According to Andersen, these kinds of environmental programs and projects are good not only for the local but also for the global economy. And “we're very pleased to see those kinds of initiatives here in Ethiopia.” She further stated that major crises have been occurring as a result of climate change, particularly hard hitting on Africa. “Due to climate change, we are witnessing major losses on our agricultural lands and we are seeing desertification. Now these crises are particularly hard hitting on Africa. Africa did very little to cause climate change. But Africa is suffering big time,” the executive director noted. Andersen further revealed that the United Nations is supporting Ethiopia as well as the entire continent with investments with smart policy shifts. The UN is firm about the imperative of climate justice and the imperative of climate finance, the executive director underscored. She also mentioned the recent loss and damage Fund with 800 million USD, which she believes is not enough. The executive director stressed that “we need to see billions.”  
Portuguese FM Says Countries Should Replicate Ethiopia’s Green Legacy Initiative
Feb 16, 2024 1144
Addis Ababa, February 16/2024 (ENA) The Green Legacy Initiative of Ethiopia and its achievements should be replicated by other countries, Portuguese Foreign Minister João Gomes Cravinho said.   In an exclusive interview with ENA, the foreign minister said “the initiative undertaken by Ethiopia can be very interesting for us to be able to replicate the model so that the experience that is gained by Ethiopia can be used as lessons learned for other countries.” Recall that Ethiopia, through Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s initiative has planted over 32.5 billion tree seedlings since 2019.   Stating that he had a fruitful discussion with Foreign Minister Taye Atske Selassie, Cravinho emphasized the need to further energize the strong cooperation between Ethiopia and Portugal, that is beyond 500 years. With Foreign Minister Taye “we have identified a number of steps that we can take, including a business model to create stronger economic links between Portugal and Ethiopia. So we have a roadmap for 2024 that can bring us closer,” he stated. According to him, renewable energy and public administration in digital transition are among the potential areas where the two countries can cooperate. “We have already been strengthening our embassy here in Addis Ababa. We would like to have Ethiopian embassy in Lisbon. Not only in the fields of economy, but also in cultural exchange language, tourism. We have a lot of growth ahead.”  
Most viewed
Ethiopian Diaspora Demand Egypt to Change Counterproductive Posture on GERD
Apr 4, 2023 39667
Addis Ababa April 4/2023 (ENA) Ethiopians in the Diaspora have called on Egypt to change its counterproductive posture and find mutually beneficial agreements on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). In a statement the diaspora issued yesterday, they noted that Ethiopia is the main source of the Nile by contributing 86 percent of the water to the Nile basin states while utilizing less than 1 percent of the potential for hydroelectric power. Ethiopians are currently building the GERD on the Blue Nile that is financed entirely by Ethiopians and is a crucial project for the country's development as it will provide clean, renewable energy and lift millions out of poverty. About 65 percent of the 122 million of Ethiopia's population have no access to any form of electricity. The much-needed electricity will facilitate economic growth for Ethiopia and the region, the statement elaborated. The dam will promote regional cooperation and integration while offering opportunity for eleven countries of the Nile Basin to work together to manage the river's resources more efficiently and effectively, it added. The GERD is being built with the highest environmental and technical standards to achieve the objectives of the national electrification program and the execution of Ethiopia’s Climate-Resilient Green Economy Strategy. According to the statement, Ethiopia has provided scientific evidence and expert testimonies that GERD will not significantly affect the flow of water downstream, and provided compelling arguments for the need for equitable use of the Nile's resources by all countries in the region. The diaspora further said they understand that the GERD has raised concerns in Egypt about the downstream effects on the Nile's flow and water availability since Egyptians have been misinformed about the GERD for many years. But on the contrary, the dam will provide several benefits to Egypt and Sudan, including increased water flow during dry seasons and decreased flooding events. “We want to assure Egyptians that Ethiopians are committed to fair and equitable use of the Nile's waters without harming our downstream neighbors. We recognize that the Nile River is a shared resource, and we support finding a mutually beneficial solution.” As Ethiopians in the Diaspora, we reiterate our support for fair and equitable use of the Nile River and call on the Egyptian people and Egyptian Diaspora to question the misinformation about the GERD in Egypt's mainstream media and embrace the spirit of friendship and cooperation by understanding that the GERD is a project of great national importance to Ethiopians that will benefit Egyptians by ensuring a reliable and predictable supply of water, that Ethiopians have the right to use their water resources for the development of its people and economy, in accordance with the principles of equitable and reasonable utilization without causing significant harm. Efforts to destabilize Ethiopia by the regime in Egypt, will indeed affect the historical and diplomatic relations dating back to several thousand years, the long-term interest of the Egyptian people and make Ethiopians less trusting in cooperating on the GERD and future hydropower projects on the Nile, they warned. The diaspora groups urged Egyptian leaders to engage in constructive dialogue with the leaders of Ethiopia regarding the GERD and steer away from their counterproductive posture of calling for a “binding agreement” on the GERD filling and the subsequent operations as an imposing instrument on water sharing that Ethiopians will never accept. The GERD can be a source of cooperation and collaboration between our two countries rather than a source of conflict, they underscored. "Ethiopians believe that, through dialogue and understanding, peaceful and equitable agreements that benefit all parties involved can be realized to build a brighter future for all people in the Nile basin. Belligerent positions by Egyptian leaders stating ‘all options are open’ are contrary to the spirit of the 2015 Declaration of Principles signed by Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt." According to the statement, such postures will surely harm Egypt's long-term interest and impede trustful cooperation with the Ethiopian people and government. They asked Arab League and its member states to refrain from interfering in the issue of the GERD, which is the sole concern of the three riparian countries (Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt) and their shared regional organization (the African Union), which is mediating the talks to find ‘African Solutions to African Problems.’ The issues remaining on the table at the trilateral negotiations under the auspices of the African Union are being narrowed to a handful of critical matters on equity and justice, on which the Arab league nations have no business or legal right to be involved.
Africa’s Sustainable Growth Hinges on Science, Technology and Innovation: Experts
Mar 3, 2023 35194
Addis Ababa March 3/2023/ENA/ Achieving the ambitious targets of the 2030 and 2063 Agendas of Africa requires leveraging the power of science, technology, and innovation (STI), according to experts. A press release issued by the ECA stated experts at the Ninth African Regional Forum on Sustainable Development have emphasized the crucial role of STI as a key driver and enabler for ensuring economic growth, improving well-being, mitigating the effects of climate change, and safeguarding the environment. They also underscored the need to strengthen national and regional STI ecosystems by fostering innovation, promoting entrepreneurship, and investing in research and development. By doing so, the experts said that Africa can harness the potential of STI to accelerate its socio-economic progress and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 and the African Union's Agenda by 2063. The session, held on 2 March 2023, builds on the recommendations of the Fifth African Science, Technology, and Innovation Forum, which accentuates the central role of STI and digitalization during the COVID-19 pandemic and the need for the necessary infrastructures for the development of STI, plans, and policies that are action-oriented towards strengthening its full implantation. The experts highlighted that despite advances in STI, significant gaps remain in bridging the scientific and technological divide between developed countries and Africa. The highly uneven global distribution of scientific capacity and access to knowledge threatens to derail the goal of leaving no one behind, which is the central and transformative promise of Agenda 2030. “We need a clear political will from governments to ensure science, technology, and innovation is a reality. By doing so our education systems will be capacitated to deliver knowledge that is vital to solving Africa’s sustainability challenges,” Niger Higher Education and Research Minister Mamoudou Djibo said. The strategy includes the establishment of universities as centers for excellence and investments in education, technical competencies, and training in the fields of science, technology, research, and innovation. These initiatives are crucial in accelerating progress towards achieving global goals. However, in order to fully leverage the potential of STI, significant investments in research and development are required. National systems also need to be strengthened, Namibia Information and Communication Technologies Deputy Minister Emma Theophilus, stated adding that “strengthening our national systems for STI is a key game changer for rapid structural transformation in Africa. Leveraging the digital transformation can achieve a stronger, smarter, and more inclusive recovery.” Emerging evidence suggests that an STI and digital Africa can be a springboard to accelerate the implementation of the SDGs and fulfill the aspirations of Agenda 2063.
Feature Article
Adwa Victory Memorial Beyond A Monument
Feb 11, 2024 2174
The inauguration of Adwa Victory Memorial is more than revealing a monument and indeed is celebrating a legacy that goes beyond the bounds of time and place for all black people across the world. United Ethiopians forces in the Battle of Adwa 127 years ago made a landmark history by triumphing over Italian colonial powers. The Adwa Victory Memorial, built at the heart of Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa, which will be inaugurated today in the presence of high ranking government officials and invited guests, depicts this grand event and its significances. The Adwa Victory Memorial provides major historical events, pertinent individuals like Emperor Menelik II, Empress Taytu Betul, and generals who spearheaded Ethiopia's victory in the battle. It depicts significant historical issues like the spirit of pan-Africanism and the global black community's fight for freedom, which were sparked following Adwa's victory. This memorial is a vivid representation of a defining moment in history, embodying the enduring spirit and resilience of Ethiopia, Africa, and all who have faced oppression across the globe. It is crystal clear that Adwa is not merely an Ethiopian treasure; it is a jewel in the crown of African heritage and a beacon of hope for all oppressed peoples worldwide. This is due to the fact that Ethiopians did not just defeat a colonial power in 1896 rather they wrote a new chapter in history, fundamentally altering global perceptions about Africans. Besides, the victory shattered the then prevailing perception narrative against Africans as inferior and showcased instead a continent rich in strategy, bravery, and the unwavering pursuit of freedom. Along the years the echoes of Adwa Victory have resonated through generations, inspiring countless Africans to envisage a future unshackled from the chains of colonialism. Furthermore, it has been a source of pride and a rallying cry for change, igniting the flames of independence movements across the continent. Adwa through the memorial inaugurated today still stands as a living testament to the indomitable spirit of Africa, a reminder that unity and courage can overturn the tides of oppression. By building the Adwa Victory Memorial, Ethiopians are not only preserving a historical legacy but also reigniting a spirit of change and empowerment. It is a call to remember the past struggles and victories, to draw strength from them, and to continue the fight for a world where every person, regardless of race or origin, can live with dignity and opportunity. To put it in nut shell, the Adwa Victory Memorial is therefore, more than just a structure of stone and metal; it is a symbol of hope, a shrine of courage, and a school of inspiration for generations to come.  
Adwa Victory & GERD: Two Sides of Same Coin 
Feb 11, 2024 1956
Ethiopia has given not only to its citizens but to the black people across the globe a priceless gift by erecting Adwa Victory Memorial in the capital Addis Ababa. The Adwa Victory, which is not merely an Ethiopian treasure rather an African heritage, a beacon of hope for all oppressed peoples worldwide. The victory vividly demonstrates the fact that everything is possible if people work together toward a common goal. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is one of the memorials portrayed in the newly constructed Adwa Victory Memorial in the heart of Addis Ababa to show the fact that when people mobilized and organized, they can achieve whatever they wish. The Adwa victory has reignited the spirit of unity amongst Ethiopians in realizing the economic emancipation through the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). After more than 115 years, Ethiopians once again declared another analogical and historical call to build the largest dam in Africa which effectively symbolizes economic, social, and political and the quest for peaceful development in the spirit of Pan-Africanism. The victory of the Battle of Adwa which triggered the spirit of Pan-Africanism also echoed in the construction of GERD. The Adwa Victory and GERD are two sides of the same coin. In 1896, Ethiopians did not just defeat a colonial power; they wrote a new chapter in history, fundamentally altering global perceptions about Africans. Likewise, with GERD Ethiopians stood in unison; defied decades-old erroneous perception from every direction and practically made it a hope for cooperation and integration with the Nile River downstream countries as well as its neighbors. In addition to that, the Adwa Victory was solely won by Ethiopians without any support from outside. GERD unlike most of the current global grand flagship projects is entirely financed by the Ethiopian people through donation, buying-bond, and so on. It is being built with the blood, sweat and tears of the Ethiopian people from all walks of life. The GERD, which is now at the final stage, is expected to provide access to electricity to more than 60 million Ethiopians and provide affordable electricity to the service, industrial and agricultural sectors. For Ethiopian building the GERD is not a matter of choice, but an economic and developmental necessity and the way to pull out poverty for a nation of 120 million people. It is also pivotal in providing many benefits to the entire Horn of Africa region and beyond as well as accelerating regional integration. This clearly demonstrates that the current generation of Ethiopia through its leadership is replicating Adwa Victory to ascertaining economic emancipation. That is why GERD has been one of the memorials portrayed in the newly constructed Adwa Victory Memorial in the heart of Addis Ababa to show the fact that when people mobilized and organized, they can achieve whatever they wish. The newly built Memorial, which absolutely breathtaking in its architectural elegance and commemorates the historic Battle of Adwa, a moment of courage, unity, and victory for Ethiopia serves as a beacon of our past, depicting the commitment, strength and victory of not only the Ethiopian people but also the black people across the globe. Both Adwa and GERD convey clear message to the brotherly and sisterly people of Africa that they can genuinely ensure their economic and political independence as well as overcome the present day challenges if they work together to fortify their togetherness by freeing themselves from the centuries-old influence of the superpowers. The Adwa Victory Memorial, a monumental project located at the center of the capital, encompasses a museum, meeting halls, amphitheater, library, art gallery, exhibition center, and other facilities, all dedicated to honoring the heroes and heroines of the historic triumph and Africans.  
Ethiopian News Agency
2023